Screening Test of Wild Mushroom Methanol Extracts for Fibrinolytic and $\alpha-Glucosidase$ Inhibitory Activity

  • Kim, Jun-Ho (Department of Chemistry, SangJi University) ;
  • Yoo, Kwan-Hee (Department of Life Science, SangJi University) ;
  • Seok, Soon-Ja (National Institute Agricultural of Science and Technology, RDA)
  • 김준호 (상지대학교 이공과대학 화학과) ;
  • ;
  • Published : 2007.09.30

Abstract

We investigated the fibrinolytic and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activity of 55 wild mushroom methanol extracts. Among them, 14 mushrooms showed fibrinolytic activity. In particular, Amanita virgineoides showed the greatest enzyme activity (3.9 plasmin units/ml) by a fibrin plate assay. The fibrinolytic activities of Suillus pictus and Polypolellus varius were 3.8 plasmin units, and the activity of Gomphus fujisanensis was 2.8 plasmin units. Leccinum extremiorientale and Xerocomus nigromaculatus had the same activity with 2.3 plasmin units. In a ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activity test, Lactarius sp. showed the greatest inhibitory activity at 97.3%. The ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities of Clitocybe odora, Xerocomus nigromaculatus, Melanoleuca melaleuca, Suillus pictus, and Gyroporus castaneus were 84.3%, 77.9%, 74.6%, 68.7%, and 65.4%, respectively. According to the results, because Suillus pictus and Xerocomus nigromaculatus have strong fibrinolytic and ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibitory activities, the two mushrooms will be used as materials for the development of new biofunctional food.