Comparative LCA of three types of Interior Panel (IP) in Electric Motor Unit (EMU)

전동차 내장패널(Interior Panel)에 대한 비교 전과정평가

  • 최요한 (아주대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 이상용 (일본 산업기술총합연구소 LCA센터) ;
  • 김용기 (한국철도기술연구원 환경화재팀) ;
  • 이건모 (아주대학교 환경건설교통공학부)
  • Published : 2007.10.31

Abstract

A comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) among three types of Electric Motor Unit (EMU) Interior Panel (IP) was conducted. A functional unit for comparative LCA is a weight of IP for 1 EMU. It is assumed that Manufacturing stage and its upstream processes, Use stage and End of Life (EoL) stage are included in the boundary of product system. For Use stage, the weight of IP causes electricity consumption. It is assumed that aluminum IP is recycled and the other IPs are incinerated at the EoL stage. As a comparison results, aluminum IP has much larger environmental impact (5.162pt) than others (FRP IP; 4.069pt, Phenol IP; 4.053pt) even though recycling consideration is included. The manufacturing stage of aluminum IP has relative big environmental impact (1.824pt) and this point make the most important difference from other IPs (FRP IP; 0.1617pt, Phenol IP; 0.4534pt)). Despite of large weight difference between FRP IP (888.96kg) and phenol IP (316kg), the final environmental impact result has only little difference (0.016pt, 0.39%). With this result, the EMU designer can choose IP with a consideration of the environmental performance of IP.

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