Effect of Fucoidan on Expression of Diabetes Mellitus Related Genes in Mouse Adipocytes

  • Kim, Kui-Jin (Graduate School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Pochon CHA University) ;
  • Lee, Ok-Hwan (Graduate School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Pochon CHA University) ;
  • Lee, Han-Chul (Graduate School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Pochon CHA University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Cheul (Department of Nutrition, University of Massachusetts) ;
  • Lee, Boo-Yong (Graduate School of Complementary Alternative Medicine, College of Medicine, Pochon CHA University)
  • Published : 2007.04.30

Abstract

Fucoidan (fucan sulfate) is a fucose-containing sulfated polysaccharide from brown algae such as Fucus vesiculosus, Ecklonia kurome, and Cladosiphon okamuranus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fucoidan on the expression of diabetes-related genes in mouse cell line 3T3-L1. 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured for 48 hr with or without fucoidan (10, 100, and 500 ppm) on a 60 mm dish. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for measurement of peroxisome proliferators activated receptor ${\gamma}\;(PPAR{\gamma})$, CCAAT/enhancer binding protein ${\alpha}\;(C/EBP{\gamma})$, and glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) RT-PCR analysis revealed that expression level of GLUT4, $PPAR{\gamma}$, and $C/EBP{\alpha}$ mRNAs increased with fucoidan treatment from 10 to 500 ppm in a dose-dependent manner. Fucoidan appears to enhance insulin sensitivity by increasing the expression level of diabetes-related genes in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Therefore, fucoidan is potentially useful as a natural therapeutic material for hyperglycemia in type II diabetes patients.

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