Effects of Chronic Chitosan Salt Supplementation on Blood Pressure, Plasma Component, and Lipid Profile in Healthy Male and Female Adults

  • Kim, Hag-Lyeol (Department of Food Science and Technology, Food Industrial Technology Research Center, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Son, Yeon-Hee (Solar Salt Biotechnology Research Center, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Kim, Seon-Jae (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Jeonnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Du-Woon (Division of Food Technology and Nutrition, Jeonnam National University) ;
  • Ma, Seung-Jin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Food Industrial Technology Research Center, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Cho, Geon-Sik (Biotech Company) ;
  • Kim, In-Cheol (Department of Food Science and Technology, Food Industrial Technology Research Center, Mokpo National University) ;
  • Ham, Kyung-Sik (Department of Food Science and Technology, Food Industrial Technology Research Center, Mokpo National University)
  • Published : 2007.04.30

Abstract

The effects of chronic chitosan salt supplementation on the systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and physiological parameters were investigated in healthy male and female adult. Chitosan salt was conducted by measuring various health-related factors such as body composition, plasma $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, lipid, and lipoproteins profiles, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) activity. Chitosan salt supplementation no significant differences before and after supplement in body composition variables and in SBP and DBP in either male or female. Plasma sodium and chlorine concentration no significant changes during chitosan salt supplementation, and no significant difference between two genders. Plasma GOT and GPT activity no different before and after supplement in either male or female. GOT activity significantly higher for male before supplement (p<0.05), and 2 weeks after supplement (p<0.01). The lipid and lipoproteins profiles of plasma no significant changes during chitosan salt supplementation in either male or female subjects. In summary, the chronic intake of chitosan salt did not affect the SBP or DBP, and posed no health risks.

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