Antioxidant Activity and Total Volatile Oil Content of Cassumunar Ginger (Zingiber montanum Roxb.) at Various Rhizome Ages

  • Manochai, Benya (Department of Horticulture, Kasetsart University) ;
  • Paisooksantivatana, Yingyong (Department of Horticulture, Kasetsart University) ;
  • Kim, Myo-Jeong (Biohealth Products Research Center and School of Food and Life Science, Inje University) ;
  • Hong, Jeong-Hwa (Biohealth Products Research Center and School of Food and Life Science, Inje University)
  • Published : 2007.04.30

Abstract

Cassumunar ginger (Zingiber montanum Roxb.) was grown in the experimental field at the Department of Horticulture, Kasetsart University, Thailand. The antioxidant activity and volatile oil content of rhizomes of varying age were measured. Antioxidant activity as determined using the DPPH (diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method differed significantly between samples of different ages. Antioxidant activity and rhizome age were positively correlated, with 22-month old rhizomes showing the highest radical scavenging activity (79.19%). Volatile oil was obtained by steam distillation of fresh rhizomes. The extraction yield of volatile oil was highest in l6-month old rhizomes (13.02 mL/kg). GC-FID data indicated the presence of three major compounds, sabinene, terpinen-4-ol and (E)-1-(3',4'-dimethylphenyl) butadiene (DMPBD), however none of the major components were correlated with the age of rhizome.

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