염화칼슘 처리와 MAP 저장이 '후지' 사과의 품질변화에 미치는 영향

Effects of Calcium Chloride Treatment and Modified Atmosphere Packaging on the Quality Change of 'Fuji' Apple

  • 발행 : 2007.10.28

초록

영주산 '후지' 사과의 전처리 및 포장방법별 저장기간 동안 품질변호를 알아보기 위하여 사과를 5% $CaCl_2$ 용액에 15분 동안 침지한 후 완전히 건조시켜 $25\;{\mu}m$ 두께의 LDPE 필름으로 박스단위로 포장하여 $0^{\circ}C$의 농협 현지저온저장고에서 21주간 중량감소율, 경도, 적정산도, 가용성 고형분함량, 비타민 C함량, 부패율 조사하였다. 중량감모율, 경도변화, Vitamin C 변화, 부패율 등에서 칼슘처리과 필름포장을 병행한 처리구(Ca-MA)가 다른 처리구에 비해 저장 중 품질변화가 가정 적은 것으로 나타나 영주산 '후지' 사과 저장시 선도유지에 효과적인 것으로 사료된다.

참고문헌

  1. 농림업 주요통계 (2006), 농림부, p.310-312
  2. Chung, H.S., Chung, S.K. and Choi, J.U. (1999) Low Oxygen CA Storage of 'Fuji' Apple. Korean J. Food Sci. Tech., 31, 1275-1282
  3. Park, M.H. (1994) The current flow of vegetables and fruits storage. Korean J. Postharvest Sci. Technol., 1, 67-79
  4. Byun, J.K., Her, J.S., Chang, K.H. and Kang, I.K. (1993) Changes in Pectic Substances and Cell Wall Hydrolases during Ripening and Storage of Apple Fruits. J. Kor. Sco. Hort. Sci., 34, 46-53
  5. Chang, K.H., and Byun, J.K. (1997) Storage potential differences of apple cultivars caused by various postharvest calcium infiltration methods. J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci., 32, 335-339
  6. Hwang, Y.S., Kim, Y.A. and Lee, J.C. (1998) Effect of Postharvest Application of Chitosan and Wax, and Ethylene Scrubbing on the Quality Changes in Stored 'Tsugaru' Apples. J. Korean. Soc. Hort. Sci., 39, 579-582
  7. Kim, B.S., Kim, D.M., Lee, S.E., Nahmgung, B. and Jeong, J.W. (1995) Freshness prolongation of crisphead lettuce by vaccum cooling and cold-chain system. J. Korean Food Sci. Technol., 27, 546-554
  8. Kim, B.S., Kim, M.J., and Choi, J.H. (2003) Effects of Precooling Treatments on the Quality of Peaches (Mibaek). Korean J. Food Sci. Tech., 35, 1233-1236
  9. Chapon, J.F., Blanc, C., Varoquaux, P. (2004) A modified atmosphere system using a nitrogen generator. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 31, 24-28
  10. Yin, K.K., Moon, B.W., Ahn, Y.J. and Choi, J.S. (2005) Effect of Postharvest Dipping in $CaCl_2$ Solutions with Some Adjuvants on the Fruit Quality and Calcium Concentration of 'Fuji' Apples during Storage. Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol., 23, 181-187
  11. Chang K. D., Kauzuo C., Yoshinori U., Yoshihiro I. and Chien Y.W. (2002) Modified atmosphere packaging maintains postharvest quality of loquat fruit. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 24, 341-348 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-5214(01)00148-X
  12. Robert, L.S. (1993) Measuring quality and maturity. In Post-harvest Handling. Robert, L.S. and Stanley E.P.(eds.), Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, p.99-105
  13. AOAC (1984) Official Methods of Analysis. 14th ed., Association of Offical Agricultural Chemists, Washington D.C., p.844-947
  14. Kader, A.A. (1986) Biochemical and physiological basis for effects of controlled and modified atmospheres on fruits and vegetables. Food Technol., 40, 99-104
  15. Park, H.W., Park, J.D., Kim, D.M. and Choi, J.S. (2001) Freshness extension of 'Fuji' apple to packaging materials. J. Korean Postharvest Sci. Tech., 8, 345-350
  16. Moon, B.W., Choi, J.S. and Kim, K.H. (1999) Effects of pre- or post-harvest application of calcium compound compound extracted from oyster shell on the changes in cell wall calcium content, enzyme activity, and cell structure during storage of apple fruits. J. Korean Soc. Hort. Sci., 40, 345-348
  17. Hulme A.C. (1970) The biochemistry of fruits and their products. Academic Press, London, p.70-90
  18. Park, H.W. and Kim, D.M. (2000) Effect of functional MA packaging film on freshness extension of 'Fuji' apples. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr., 29, 80-84