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Effects of Carbohydrate Materials on Retarding Retrogradation of a Korean Rice Cake (Karedduk)

가래떡 노화 억제에 대한 당류 물질의 효과

  • 김상숙 (한국식품연구원 특화연구본부 쌀연구단) ;
  • 정혜영 (경원대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2007.10.30

Abstract

Retarding retrogradation of a Korean rice cake (Karedduk) added with carbohydrate materials after $0{\sim}30hrs$ of storage at $5^{\circ}C$ were investigated by Avrami equation using textural characteristics. Carbohydrate materials such as powdered sugar, trehalose, fructooligosaccharide (95%), isomalto, healtholigo, and galactooligo-saccharide (50%) were added in 0, 1, 5 or 10% levels on dry rice flour. In the amylogram, the breakdown (P-H) and consistency (C-H) for Karedduk added with carbohydrate materials were lower than those of the control. Decrease in the Avrami exponent (n) and increase in the time constant (1/k) of Karedduuk added with carbohydrate materials during storage determined by Avrami equation were important comparison factors to the control in terms of retrogradation rate analysis. The Aurami exponent (n) for control, fructooligosaccharide (95%) 10% and healtholigo 1% addition were 2.415, 1.977 and 3.297, respectively. The time constant (1/k) for fructooligosaccharide (95%) 5% and healtholigo 1% addition were lower than thecontrol. Lastly, Karedduk added with carbohydrate materials, except for fructooligosaccharide (95%) 5% and healtholigo 1% addition, was effective in retarding retrogradation.

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