Effects of temperature on Hardness and Stiffness of NR and SBR Vulcanizates

NR과 SBR 가황물의 경도와 강성도 대한 온도의 영향

  • Jin, Hyun-Ho (Department of Advanced Chemicals, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Hong, Chong-Kook (Center for functional Nano Fine Chemicals (BK21)) ;
  • Cho, Dong-Lyun (School of Applied Chemical Engineering, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Kaang, Shin-Young (School of Applied Chemical Engineering, Chonnam National University)
  • 진현호 (전남대학교 신화학소재공학과) ;
  • 홍창국 (기능성 나노 신화학소재 사업단(BK21)) ;
  • 조동련 (전남대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 강신영 (전남대학교 응용화학공학부)
  • Published : 2007.09.29


Hardness of rubbery materials, which is important for dimensional stability and product performance, was investigated upon temperature change in this study. A newly developed IRHD (International Rubber Hardness Degree) tester was used to measure the hardness changes of NR and SBR specimens at various temperatures and the hardness values were compared with the Young's modulus. The harness and Young's modulus of NR and SBR showed an abrupt change near the glass transition temperatures. The hardness and Young's modulus were increased by increasing temperature due to the increased random chain conformation of molecules. The effect of temperature on hardness and Young's modulus of NR and SBR specimens filled with carbon black and silica was decreased by increasing filler content.


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