Effect of Far-infrared Irradiation on the Antioxidant Activity of Extracts from Phellinus igniarius and Ganoderma lucidum

원적외선 처리가 상황버섯과 영지버섯 추출물의 항산화능에 미치는 영향

  • Published : 2007.08.31


The antioxidant activities of Phellinus igniarius (PI) and Ganoderma lucidum (GL) extracts were evaluated after far-infrared (FIR) irradiation. PI and GL were irradiated at $120^{\circ}C$ for 30, 60, 90 and 120 min with a FIR heater (2-14 ${\mu}m$), and then extracted by distilled water for 1 hr. Total sugar contents (TSC), total phenolic contents (TPC), radical scavenging ability (RSA), and reducing power (RP) were significantly increased by FIR irradiation. When PI was irradiated for 120 min, the TSC, TPC, RSA, and RP values of the PI extracts increased from 10.1 to 25.9 mg/g, 6.1 to 13.4 mg/g, 23.8 to 51.5%, and 0.222 to 0.363, respectively, compared to the untreated controls. The GL extracts, under the same conditions ($120^{\circ}C$ for 120 min), also increased in TSC, TPC, RSA, and RP from 11.1 to 22.6 mg/g, 2.5 to 5.8 mg/g, 14.5 to 18.6%, and 0.271 to 0.296, respectively. These results indicate that appropriate FIR irradiation of PI and GL could enhance the antioxidant activities of their extracts by increasing amounts of phenolic and sugar compounds.


Ganoderma lucidum;Phellinus igniarius;far-infrared irradiation;antioxidant


  1. Choi JH, Ha TH, Rho YD. Studies on the main factors affecting the mycelial growth of Phellinus linteus. Korean J. Mycol. 24: 214-222 (1996)
  2. Ikekawa J, Nakamishi M, Uehara N, Chihara G, Fukuoka F. Antitumor action of some Basidiomycetes especially Phellinus linteus. Gann 59: 155-157 (1968)
  3. Niwa Y, Miyachi Y. Antioxidant action of natural health products and Chinese herbs. Inflammation 10: 79-91 (1986) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00916043
  4. Lee SC, Jeong SM, Kim SY, Nam KC, Ahn DU. Effect of farinfrared radiation on the antioxidant activity of defatted sesame meal extract. J. Agr. Food Chem. 53: 1495-1498 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1021/jf048620x
  5. Dubolis M, Gillers KA, Hamilton JK, Rebers PA. Smith J. Colorimeteric method for determination of sugar and related substance. Anal. Chem. 28: 350-352 (1956) https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60111a017
  6. Kim HK, Choi YJ, Jeong SW, Kim KH. Functional activities of microwave-assist extracts from Lyophyllum ulmarium. Korean J. Food Pres. 9: 385-390 (2002)
  7. Shimada K, Fujikawa K, Yahara K, Nakamura T. Antioxidative properties of xanthan on the autooxidation of soybean oil in cyclodextrin emusion. J. Agr. Food Chem. 40: 945-948 (1992) https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00018a005
  8. Lee SC, Kim JH, Jeong SM, Kim DR, Ha JU, Nam KC, Ahn DU. Effect of far-infrared radiation on the antioxidant activity of rice hull. J. Agr. Food Chem. 51: 4400-4403 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0300285
  9. Chung HS, Youn KS. Effects of microwave, ultrasound and roasting pretreatment on hot water extraction of Acanthopanax senticosus. Korean J. Food Pres. 12: 146-150 (2005)
  10. Choi Y, Lee SM, Chun J, Lee HB, Lee J. Influence of heat treatment on the antioxidant activities and polyphenolic compounds of shitake (Lentinus edodes) mushroom. Food Chem. 99: 381-387 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.08.004
  11. Wasser SP, Weiss AL. Therapeutic effects of substances occurring in higher Basiodiomycetes mushroom: a modern perspective. Crit. Rev. Immunol. 19: 65-69 (1999)
  12. Chung HS, Youn KS. Comparison of pretreatment methods for extraction of selected components from Ganodrerma lucidum. Korean J. Food Pres. 12: 130-134 (2005)
  13. Kim SY, Jeong SM, Jo SC, Lee SC. Application of far-infrared irradiation in the manufacturing process of green tea. J. Agr. Food Chem. 54: 9943-9947 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1021/jf062524+
  14. Blois MS. Antioxidant by the use of a stable free radical. Nature 181: 1199-1200 (1958) https://doi.org/10.1038/1811199a0
  15. Lee HS, Son JY. Antioxidant and synergist effect of extract isolated from commercial green, oolong, and black tea. Korean J. Food Nutr. 15: 377-381 (2002)
  16. Lo KM, Cheung PCK. Antioxidant activity of extracts from the fruiting bodies of Agrocybe aegerita var. alba. Food Chem. 89: 533-539 (2005) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.03.006
  17. Song HN, Oh SW. Optimization of extraction and clarification condition for preparation of liquid extract tea from artificially cultivated Phellinus linteus. J. Korean Soc. Food Sci. Nutr. 31: 636- 641 (2002) https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2002.31.4.636
  18. Inoue S, Kabaya M. Biological activities caused by far-infrared radiation. Int. J. Biometeorol. 33: 145-150 (1989) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01084598
  19. Shahidi F, Wanasundara PK. Phenolic antioxidant. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. 32: 67-103 (1992) https://doi.org/10.1080/10408399209527581
  20. Mau JL, Lin HC, Song SF. Antioxidant properties of several specialty mushrooms. Food Res. Int. 35: 519-526 (2002) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0963-9969(01)00150-8
  21. Oyaizu M. Studies on products of browning reaction: antioxidative activities of products of browning reaction prepared from glucosamine. Jpn. J. Nutr. 44: 307-315 (1986) https://doi.org/10.5264/eiyogakuzashi.44.307
  22. Gutfinger T. Polyphenols in olive oils. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 58: 966-968 (1981) https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02659771
  23. Wada T, Hayashi Y, Shibata H. Asiaticusin A and B, novel prenylated phenolics from Boletinus asiaticus and B. paluster (Boletaceae) fungi. Biosci. Biotech. Bioch. 60: 120-121 (1996) https://doi.org/10.1271/bbb.60.120
  24. Shiao MS. Natural products of the medicinal fungus Ganoderma lucidum: occurrence, biological activities, and pharmacological functions. Chem. Rec. 3: 172-180 (2003) https://doi.org/10.1002/tcr.10058
  25. Yen GC, Wu JY. Antioxidant and radical scavenging properties of extracts from Ganoderm tsugae. Food Chem. 65: 375-379 (1999) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(98)00239-8
  26. Ribeiro B, Rangel J, Valentao P, Baptista P, Seabra RM, Andrade PB. Contents of carboxylic acids and two phenolics and antioxidant activity of dried portuguese wild edible mushrooms. J. Agr. Food Chem. 54: 8530-8537 (2006) https://doi.org/10.1021/jf061890q