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Abnormal Cooling before and after the 1982-1983 and 1997-1998 ENSO Events in the Korean East Sea Water

1982-1983년.1997-1998년 엘니뇨현상 전후 한국동해역에서의 이상 저수온 현상

  • Hong, Chul-Hoon (Department of Marine Production Management, Pukyong National University)
  • 홍철훈 (부경대학교 해양생산시스템관리학부)
  • Published : 2008.08.31

Abstract

Abnormal cooling of the Korean East Sea Water(KESW) in the East Sea before and after the 1982-1983 and 1997-1998 ENSO events is examined using bimonthly routine observation data from the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute of Korea for the period 1965 to 2002. The KESW, which occupies roughly a region between the Korean Peninsula and west of approximately $131^{\circ}E$, showed extreme cold-state years(1981 and 1996) prior to the two strongest ENSO events of the last half-century. Inter-annual bimonthly mean anomalies at 100 m in the KESW region were $-3.10^{\circ}C\;and\;-3.41^{\circ}C(SD=1.4^{\circ}C)$ in 1981 and 1996, respectively. These results suggest that extreme cooling of the KESW may be a prelude to very strong ENSO events through large-scale teleconnections.

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