A Study on Low Back Pain Prevalence Rate and Related Factors among Emergency Medical Technicians Working at Fire Stations

소방서에 근무하는 응급의료종사자의 요통 유병 실태 및 관련 요인 분석

  • Ham, Young-Lim (Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Daewon Science College) ;
  • Ahn, Yang-Heui (Department of Nursing, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine)
  • 함영림 (대원과학대학 응급구조과) ;
  • 안양희 (연세대학교 원주의과대학 간호학과)
  • Published : 2008.11.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify low pain prevalence rate and factors affecting low back pain in emergency medical technicians. Method: A descriptive relationship research design was utilized. The participants were 74 emergency medical technicians who worked at fire stations in W and J city and agreed to participate in this study. Data were collected between April and August 2008 using a questionnaire, which included demographic factors, severity of low back pain using a visual analog scale, factors related to low back pain and health behavior, and BMI. Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were performed for data analysis. Results: 85.1% of emergency medical technicians experienced low back pain. The mean score of low back pain was relatively low (M=4.0, SD=2.33). Significant factors affecting low back pain were found to be age, marital status, exercise, hours of standing work, and BMI. These variables explained 35.1% of variance in low back pain (F=8.45, p<.001). Conclusion: These results suggest that further research is needed to develop interventions for prevention and management of low back pain among emergency medical technicians.