Characteristics of Coupled Acoustic Wave Propagation in Metal Pipe

금속 배관의 연성된 음향 전파 특성

  • 김호욱 (인하대학교 대학원 기계공학과) ;
  • 김민수 (인하대학교 대학원 기계공학과) ;
  • 이상권 (인하대학교 기계공학과)
  • Published : 2008.03.01


The circular cylinder pipes are used in the many industrial areas. In this paper, the acoustic wave propagation in the pipe containing a gas is researched. First of all, the theory for the coupled acoustic wave propagation in a pipe is investigated. Acoustic wave propagation in pipe can not be occurred independently between the wave of the fluid and the shell. It requires complicated analysis. However, as a special case, the coupled wave in a high density pipe containing a light density medium is corresponded closely to the uncoupled in-vacuo shell waves and to the rigid-walled duct fluid waves. The coincidence frequencies of acoustic and shell modes contribute to the predominant energy transmission. The coincidence frequency means the frequency corresponding to the coincidence of the wavenumber in both acoustic and shell. In this paper, it is assumed that the internal medium is much lighter than the pipe shell. After the uncoupled acoustic wave in the internal medium and uncoupled shell wave are considered, the coincidence frequencies are found. The analysis is successfully confirmed by the verification of the experiment using the real long steel pipe. This work verifies that the coupled wave characteristic of the shell and the fluid is occurred as predominant energy transmission at the coincidence frequencies.


Coupled Problem;Pipe Acoustic Wave Propagation;Cut-off Frequency;Waveguide;Dispersive Wave


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