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Screening of Indigenous Strains of Lactic Acid Bacteria for Development of a Probiotic for Poultry

  • Karimi Torshizi, M.A. (Department of Poultry Science, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University Tehran) ;
  • Rahimi, Sh. (Department of Poultry Science, College of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University Tehran) ;
  • Mojgani, N. (Department of Biotechnology, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute) ;
  • Esmaeilkhanian, S. (Department of Biotechnology, Animal Science Research Center) ;
  • Grimes, J.L. (Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University)
  • Received : 2008.01.16
  • Accepted : 2008.05.06
  • Published : 2008.10.01

Abstract

In an attempt to develop a probiotic formulation for poultry feed, a number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were isolated from chicken intestinal specimens and a series of in vitro experiments were performed to evaluate their efficacy as a potential probiotic candidate. A total of 650 LAB strains were isolated and screened for their antagonistic potential against each other. Among all the isolates only three isolates (TMU121, 094 and 457) demonstrated a wide spectrum of inhibition and were thus selected for detailed investigations. All three selected isolates were able to inhibit the growth of E. coli and Salmonella species, although to variable extent. The nature of the inhibitory substance produced by the isolates TMU121 and 094 appeared to be associated with bacteriocin, as their activity was completely lost after treatment with proteolytic enzymes, while pH neutralization and catalase enzyme had no effect on the residual activity. In contrast, isolate TMU457 was able to resist the effect of proteolytic enzymes while pH neutralization completely destroyed its activity. Attempts were made to study the acid, bile tolerance and cell surface hydrophobicity of these isolates. TMU121 showed high bile salt tolerance (0.3%) and high cell surface hydrophobicity compared to the other two strains studied, while TMU094 appeared the most pH resistant strain. Based on these results, the three selected LAB isolates were considered as potential ingredients for a chicken probiotic feed formulation and were identified to species level based on their carbohydrate fermentation pattern by using API 50CH test kits. The three strains were identified as Lactobacillus fermentum TMU121, Lactobacillus rhamnosus TMU094, and Pediococcus pentosaceous TMU457.

Keywords

Lactic Acid Bacteria;Probiotics;In vitro;Broiler

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