Measurement of heavy metals in antarctic soil at the king sejong station: application of isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

동위원소희석 ICP-MS분석법에 의한 남극 세종기지 주변 토양의 중금속 측정

  • Suh, Jung-Ki (Division for Quality of life, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science) ;
  • Hwang, Euijin (Division for Quality of life, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science) ;
  • Min, Hyung Sik (Division for Quality of life, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science)
  • 서정기 (한국표준과학연구원 삶의 질 표준본부 환경측정연구단) ;
  • 황의진 (한국표준과학연구원 삶의 질 표준본부 환경측정연구단) ;
  • 민형식 (한국표준과학연구원 삶의 질 표준본부 환경측정연구단)
  • Received : 2008.06.23
  • Accepted : 2008.09.18
  • Published : 2008.10.25


Antarctic Environmental Monitoring Handbook' was published by COMNAP/SCAR in 2000. The standardized method described in this handbook is recommended for monitoring of antarctic environment. High pressure bomb technique in this guide was used to decompose soil samples. In compliance with this guide book, high pressure bomb technique was applied to decompose the antarctic soil sampled at the King Sejong Station. An Isotope Dilution-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ID-ICP-MS) was applied to determine mass concentrations of Pb, Cu and Zn in the soil. The accuracy in this method was verified by the analysis of certified reference materials (CRM) of NIST 2702 (marine sediment). The analytical results agreed with certified value within the range from 99.5~100.8%. Matrix separation was necessitated for the determination of Cu and Zn by Chelex 100 ion exchange resin. As a result, the average mass concentrations of Pb, Cu and Zn which are suspected to be caused by anthropogenic pollution were 332.9 mg/kg, 95.6 mg/kg and 115.3 mg/kg, respectively. Those for the metals sampled in the soils of the remote regions from the station were 28.1 mg/kg, 101.8 mg/kg and 115.6 mg/kg, respectively.


antarctic soil;environmental monitoring;King Sejong Station;ID-ICP/MS;NIST SRM 2702;heavy metals


Grant : 남극환경 모니터링을 위한 화학분석의 국제적 표준체계구축에 관한 연구

Supported by : 극지연구소


  1. J. R. Moodt and M. S. Epstein, Spectrochimica Acta, Part B, 46, 1571(1991)
  2. J. J. Sloth and E. H. Lasen, J. Anal. At, Spectrom., 15(6), 669-672(2000)
  3. 'Practical Guidelines for developing and Designing Environmental Monitoring Programs in Antarctica', Antarctic Environmental Officers Network (2004)
  4. M. J. Beckett, in : T. Caimey (Ed.), 'Land Contamination in contaminated Land: Problems and solutions', Blackie, Glasgow (1993)
  5. D. R. Bandura, V. I, Baranov and S. D. Tanner, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 370, 454-470(2001)
  6. W. Brumbaugh and J. Arms, Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 15, 282(1996)<0282:SCQCCF>2.3.CO;2
  7. S. D. Tanner, V. I. Baranov and U. Vollkopf, J. Anal. At, Spectrom., 15(9), 1261-1269(2000)
  8. J. D. Fassett and P. Paulsen, J. Anal. Chem., 61, 643A(1989)
  9. M. C. Kennicutt, J. C. A. Sayers, D. Walton and G. Wratt, 'Monitoring of environmental impacts from science and operations in antarctica', A report for SCAR and COMNAP, ISBN 0.948277 173(1996)
  10. 'Antarctic Environmental Monitoring Handbook', COMNAP and SCAR (2000)
  11. De Bievre P, Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 350, 277(1994)
  12. I. Papadakis et al., Analytical Chimica Acta, 346, 17-22(1997)