임플란트 고정체-지대주 연결부 및 지대주 디자인이 기계적 강도에 미치는 영향

Influence of Implant Fixture-Abutment Connection and Abutment Design on Mechanical Strength

  • 전미현 (부산대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 정창모 (부산대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 전영찬 (부산대학교 치과대학 치과보철학교실) ;
  • 엄태관 (오스템 임플랜트 연구소) ;
  • 윤지훈 (오스템 임플랜트 연구소)
  • Chun, Mi-Hyun (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jeong, Chang-Mo (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Jeon, Young-Chan (Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Eom, Tae-Gwan (Osstem Implant Research Center) ;
  • Yoon, Ji-Hoon (Osstem Implant Research Center)
  • 투고 : 2008.04.18
  • 심사 : 2008.09.25
  • 발행 : 2008.09.30

초록

골유착성 임플란트 보철물에서 피로나 과하중에 의해 보철유지 나사나 지대주 나사의 파절, 보철물의 파절, 또는 고정체의 파절 등과 같은 기계적 강도와 연관된 문제점이 발생할 가능성이 높다. 임플란트 시스템의 기계적인 강도에 영향을 주는 요소에는 고정체와 나사의 직경, 재료적 특성, 연결부 디자인, 지대주 디자인 등이 있으며, 이 중 임플란트 고정체와 지대주간의 연결부 디자인은 임플란트 시스템의 기계적인 연결상태와 연결부 안정성을 결정하는 주요소이다. 대부분의 기계적 강도에 관한 연구에서처럼 단일하중에 의한 압축굽힘강도나, 단기적인 반복하중 후의 결과만을 평가하여 임플란트 시스템의 장기적인 안정성을 예측하기에는 한계가 있다. 연구 목적: 이에 본 연구에서는 external butt joint와 internal conical joint를 갖는 임플란트 시스템(오스템사)의 연결부 디자인에서 각각 다른 두 가지 지대주를 사용하여, 연결부 및 지대주 디자인이 기계적 강도에 미치는 영향을 압축굽힘강도는 물론 내구성한계를 측정하여 알아보고자 하였다. 연구 재료 및 방법: External butt joint인 US II에서는 통상적인 UCLA 지대주 형태의 Cemented abutment(BJT)와 굽힘 저항성을 증가시키기 위해 나사 두부가 지대주 상단에 위치하도록 설계된 Safe abutment(BJS)를, internal conical joint인 SS II에서는 one-piece형의 Solid abutment(CJO)와 two-piece형의 ComOcta abutment(CJT)를 지대주로 사용하였다. ISO 규정을 참고하여 단일 임플란트, 변연골 흡수, 그리고 $30^{\circ}$ 경사하중 조건에서 압축굽힘강도와 내구성한계를 측정하였고 실패 양상을 관찰한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 결과 및 결론: 1. 압축굽힘강도는 BJS군(1392.0N), CJO군(1261.8N), BJT군(1153.2N), 그리고 CJT군(1110.2N) 순으로 낮아졌으며(P<.05), CJT군과 BJT군 사이에는 차이가 없었다(P>.05) 2. 내구성한계는 CJO군(600N), CJT군(453N), BJS군(360N) 그리고 BJT군(300N) 순으로 낮아졌다. 3. 압축굽힘강도는 연결부 디자인 또는 지대주 디자인에 따라 차이를 보였으며, 내구성한계에 있어서는 연결부 디자인이 더 주된 요소로 작용하였다.

키워드

피로;과하중;기계적인 강도;압축굽힘강도;내구성한계

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