Beneficial Effects of Maternal Vitamin E Supplementation on the Antioxidant System of the Neonate Chick Brain

DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Tsai, H.L.;Chang, Sam K.C.;Lin, Y.F.;Chang, S.J.

  • 투고 : 2007.04.17
  • 심사 : 2007.06.22
  • 발행 : 2008.02.01

초록

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in the laying stage which is a critical period for chick survival. We investigated the relationship of neonatal chick performance, brain antioxidant status and vitamin E supplementation level in hens. Starting at 17 weeks, hens were randomly divided into five groups. The control group received a basal diet without supplemental vitamin E (VE, dl-${\alpha}$-tocopherol acetate). Other groups received the same basal diet supplemented with vitamin E (40, 80, 120 and 160 mg/kg) through growth to egg production. Hens were artificially inseminated at 28 weeks of age and egg yolks were collected at day two. All remaining eggs were hatched. Yolk vitamin E content, hatchability and fertility of eggs were evaluated. Brains of the newly hatched chicks were further evaluated for their oxidative stress status, antioxidative status and vitamin E levels. Increased reproductive performance was observed in fertility and hatchability in the group supplemented at 40 mg/kg. Egg yolk and neonatal brain ${\alpha}$-tocopherol was highest in eggs from hens fed 120 mg/kg and 80 mg/kg supplemental vitamin E, respectively. Brain MDA, ROS and iron levels were significantly higher in unsupplemented hens (p<0.01). SOD activity was significantly higher in the group supplemented at 160 mg/kg than in all other groups. We concluded that maternal supplementation of vitamin E had beneficial effects on fertility, hatchability of eggs, neonatal brain oxidative status and SOD activity.

키워드

Vitamin E;Antioxidation;Oxidative Stress;Brain;Hatching;Chick

참고문헌

  1. Surai, P. F., R. C. Noble and B. K. Speake. 1999. Relationship between vitamin E content and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation in tissues of the newly hatched chick. Br. Poult. Sci. 40:406-410. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669987520
  2. Tappel, A. L. 1962. Vitamin E as the biological lipid antioxidant. Vitam. Horm. 20:493-509. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0083-6729(08)60732-3
  3. Tamate, K., K. Sengoku and M. Ishikawa. 1995. The role of superoxide dismutase in the human ovary and Fallopian tube. J. Obstet. Gynaecol. 21:401-409. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1447-0756.1995.tb01029.x
  4. Speake, B. K. and M. B. Thompson. 2000. Lipids of the eggs and neonates of oviparous and viviparous lizards. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. A 127:453-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1095-6433(00)00276-2
  5. Surai, P. F. 2000. Effect of selenium and vitamin E content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the yolk and the developing chick. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:235-243. https://doi.org/10.1080/713654909
  6. Surai, P. F., T. V. Kuklenko, I. A. Ionov, R. C. Noble and N. H. Sparks. 2000. Effect of vitamin A on the antioxidant system of the chick during early postnatal development. Br. Poult. Sci. 41:454-458. https://doi.org/10.1080/713654968
  7. Surai, P. F., R. C. Noble and B. K. Speake. 1996. Tissue-specific differences in antioxidant distribution and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation during development of the chick embryo. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1304:1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0005-2760(96)00099-9
  8. Sikka, S. C. 1996. Oxidative stress and role of antioxidants in normal and abnormal sperm functions. Front. Biosci. 1:e78-e86. https://doi.org/10.2741/A146
  9. Sahin, K., N. Sahin and S. Yaralioglu. 2002. Effects of vitamin C and vitamin E on lipid peroxidation, blood serum metabolites, and mineral concentrations of laying hens reared at high ambient temperature. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 85:b35-45. https://doi.org/10.1385/BTER:85:1:35
  10. Shinde, P. L., R. S. Dass, A. K. Garg and V. K. Chaturvedi. 2007. Immune Response and Plasma Alpha Tocopherol and Selenium Status of Male Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Calves Supplemented with Vitamin E and Selenium. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20(10):1539-1545. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.1539
  11. Oi, K., M. Hall and R. J. Deckelbaum. 2002. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid accretion in brain. Curr. Opin. Clin. Nutr. Metab. Care. 5(2):133-138. https://doi.org/10.1097/00075197-200203000-00003
  12. Packer, L., K. Kraemer and C. Rimbach. 2001. Molecular aspects of lipoic acid in the prevention of diabetes complications. Nutr. 10:888-895.
  13. Paglia, D. E. and W. N. Valentine. 1976. Studies on the quantitative characterization of rythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. J. Lab. Clin. Med. 70:159-165.
  14. Reiter, R. J. 1995. Oxidative processes and antioxidative defense mechanisms in the aging brain. FASEB. 9:526-533. https://doi.org/10.1096/fasebj.9.7.7737461
  15. Morita, A., M. Kimura and Y. Itokawa. 1994. The effect of aging on the mineral status of semale mice. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 42:165-177. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02785387
  16. Muduuli, D. S., R. R. Marquardt and W. Guenter. 1982. Effect of dietary vicine and vitamin E supplementation on the productive performance of growing and laying chickens. Br. J. Nutr. 47:53-60. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19820008
  17. Ohkawa, H., N. Ohishi and K. Yagi. 1979. Assay for lipid peroxides in animal tissues by thiobarbituric acid reaction. Anal. Biochem. 95:351-358. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-2697(79)90738-3
  18. Marklund, S. and G. Marklund. 1974. Involvement of the superoxide anion radical in the autoxidation of pyrogallol and a convenient assay for superoxide dismutase. Eur. J. Biochem. 47(3):469-474. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1974.tb03714.x
  19. Martinez-Cruz, F., D. Pozo, C. Osuna, A. Espinar, C. Marchante and J. M. Guerrero. 2002. Oxidative stress induced by phenylketonuria in the rat: Prevention by melatonin, vitamin E, and vitamin C. J. Neurosci. Res. 69:550-558. https://doi.org/10.1002/jnr.10307
  20. Mezes, M., P. Surai, G. Salyi, B. K. Speake, T. Gaal and A. Maldjian. 1997. Nutritional metabolic diseases of poultry and disorders of the biological antioxidant defence system. Acta Vet. Hung. 45:349-360.
  21. Jiang, Y. H., R. B. McGeachin and C. A. Bailey. 1994. Alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, and retinol enrichment of chicken eggs. Poult. Sci. 73:1137-1143. https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0731137
  22. LeBel, C. P., S. F. Ali, M. McKee and S. C. Bondy. 1990. Organometal-induced increases in oxygen reactive species: the potential of 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate as an index of neurotoxic damage. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 104:17-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/0041-008X(90)90278-3
  23. Li, L. L., Y. L. Yin, Y. H. Liu, D. X. Hou, Z. P. Hou, C. B. Yang and X. J. Yang. 2007. Effects of metallothionein on antioxidative function and related enzyme activities in blood and liver, and pork meat quality. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 20:761-767. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2007.761
  24. Fuhrmann, H. and H. P. Sallmann. 1995. The influence of dietary fatty acids and vitamin E on plasma prostanoids and liver microsomal alkane production in broiler chickens with regard to nutritional eencephalomacia. J. Nutr. Sci. Vitaminol. 41:553-561. https://doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.41.553
  25. Grune, T., K. Kramer, P. P. Hoppe and W. Siems. 2001. Enrichment of eggs with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: effects of vitamin E supplementation. Lipids. 36:833-838. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11745-001-0792-7
  26. Hennig, A., E. Marckwardt and G. Richter. 1986. Relation between vitamin E supply and the fertility of laying hens. Arch Tierernahr 36:519-529. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450398609421055
  27. Capper, J. L., R. G. Wilkinson, E. Kasapidou, S. E. Pattinson, A. M. Mackenzie and L. A. Sinclair. 2005. The effect of dietary vitamin E and fatty acid supplementation of pregnant and lactating ewes on placental and mammary transfer of vitamin E to the lamb. Br. J. Nutr. 93:549-57. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051376
  28. Everett, S. M., I. M. Drake, K. L. White, N. P. Mapstone, D. M. Chalmers, C. J. Schorah and A. T. Axon. 2002. Antioxidant vitamin supplements do not reduce reactive oxygen species activity in Helicobacter pylori gastritis in the short term. Br. J. Nutr. 87:3-11. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN2001477
  29. Freeman, B. A. and J. D. Crago. 1982. Biology of disease: free radicals and tissue injury. Lab. Invest. 47:412-426.
  30. Biewenga, G. P., G. R. Haenen and A. Bast. 1997. The pharmacology of the antioxidant lipoic acid. Gen. Pharmacol. 29(3):315-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-3623(96)00474-0
  31. Allen, R. G. 1989. Oxidative influence on development and differentiation: an overview of a free radical theory of development. Free Radic. Biol. Med. 6:631-639. https://doi.org/10.1016/0891-5849(89)90071-3
  32. Aebi, H. 1984. Catalase in vitro. Meth. Enzymol. 105:121-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(84)05016-3
  33. Turner, C. and L. Mathiasson. 2000. Determination of vitamin A and E in milk powder using supercritical fluid extraction for sample clean-up. J. Chromatogr. A. 874:275-283. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9673(00)00096-0
  34. Yessoufou, A., N. Soulaimann, S. A. Merzouk, K. Moutairou, H. Ahissou, J. Prost, A. M. Simonin, H. Merzouk, A. Hichami and N. A. Khan. 2006. N-3 fatty acids modulate antioxidant status in diabetic rats and their macrosomic offspring. Int. J. Obes. 30:739-750. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803211
  35. Yoshida, M. and H. Hoshii. 1976. Effect of dilauryl succinate on the reproduction of cocks and hens, and on the preventive effect of vitamin E. J. Nutr. 106:1184-1191. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/106.8.1184
  36. Bartholomew, A., D. Latshaw and D. E. Swayne. 1998. Changes in blood chemistry, hematology, and histology caused by a selenium/vitamin E deficiency, and recovery in chicks. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 62:7-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02820016
  37. Surai, P. F., B. K. Speake, R. C. Noble and N. H. Sparks. 1999a. Tissue-specific antioxidant profiles and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation of the newly hatched chick. Biol. Trace Elem. Res. 68:63-78. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02784397

피인용 문헌

  1. 1. On the oxidative cost of begging: antioxidants enhance vocalizations in gull chicks vol.21, pp.3, 2010, doi:10.5713/ajas.2008.70220