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Comparison Study with Pain Assessment Tools of Pain Measurement in Children for Intravenous Catheter Placement in the Computed Tomography

CT 검사에서 소아 환자의 정맥 카데터 삽입 통증에 대한 측정 도구 비교

  • 권대철 (서울대학교병원 영상의학과) ;
  • 장근조 (예수병원 영상의학과)
  • Published : 2008.02.28

Abstract

Needle phobia of medical devices is a significant problem in children patients. We conducted study in 130 pediatric patients aged $8{\sim}13$(mean age 10.5) who had venipuncture performed in a computed tomography. This review aims to explore the research available relating to three commonly used pain rating scales of children, the visual analogue scale(VAS), numeric pain rating scale(NPRS) and Wong-Baker faces pain scale(WBFPS) with scores. Its validity is supported by a strong positive correlation with the three-pain rating scales(correlations ranging from 0.70 to 0.92) measure in children. There were no significant differences between the means on the VAS and either of the pain rating scales. It has the advantage of being suitable for use with the most widely used metric for scoring($0{\sim}10$), and conforms closely to a linear interval scale. These scales presented moderate to good correlation and moderate agreement, sufficient for valid use in children. All three pain-rating scales are valid, reliable and appropriate for use in intravenous catheter placement.

Keywords

Intravenous Catheter;Children;Pain Assessment Tools;Computed Tomography

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