A Study on Exposure to Asbestos a Shipbuilding Repair Business

수리조선 작업장에서의 공기중 석면 노출에 관한 연구

Sim, Sang-Hyo;Chung, Hee-Tae;Song, Ki-Min;Kim, Yoon-Shin;Kang, Yong-Seon

  • Published : 2008.08.30


This paper aims to provide basic data for work environment control, prevention of worker exposure to asbestos and improvement of air quality to protect workers ‘health after measuring the level of airborne asbestos and workers' exposure in a shipbuilding repair businesses. For this study, a total of 27 samples were collected from 27 workers who had been exposed to asbestos during engine, piping, boiler and other manufacturing processes in 'A' Shipbuilding Repair Company in Gyeongnam. This research was conducted from Oct. 1 to 30, 2007 and had the following results: The target group (27 workers) consisted of all men with an average age of 35.9 years and 6.6 years of work on average. Among them, fifteen 15 (55.6%) were smokers. In terms of their duties at work, there were 12 plumbing repair engineers (44.4%), 8 boiler repair engineers (29.6%) and 7 engine engineers (25.9%). The geometric mean concentration of airborne asbestos was 0.004 f/cc. A total of 4 samples exceeded the exposure limit. In particular, three exceeded the legal limit by more than double, which means that some workers have been highly exposed to asbestos. In terms of the concentration of asbestos fibres by work process, plumbing repair was the highest (0.0071 f/cc($0.001{\sim}0.57\;f/cc$)) while boiler was the lowest (0.0015 f/cc($0.001{\sim}0.007\;f/cc$)). Based on this study, proper action needs to be taken as soon as possible to protect workers from the threat of asbestos.


Shipbuilding repair;Asbestos


  1. Woo, Y.S. : Growth of korean shipbuilding-allied industries and regional implications. Journal of the Korean Association of Regiona l Geogra, 9(1), 53-65, 2003
  2. Ki, Y.H., Kim, J.M., Roh, Y.M., Chung, L.A., Kim, Y.S., Sim, S.H. : A survey for some asbestos containing products in korea, Korean Society of Environmental Health 34(1), 108-115, 2008
  3. Paek, D.M., Paik, N.W., Choi, J.D., Son, M.A., Im, J.G., Lee, W.J., Moon, Y.H., Park, J.S., Choi, B.S.: Prevalence of asbestosis in Korean asbestos industry. Korean Society of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 7(1), 46-57, 1995
  4. Timothy Driscoll, Deborah lmel Nelson, Kyle Steenland, James Lelgh, Marisol Concha-Barrientos, Marilyn Fingerhut, Annette Pruss-Ustun. : The global burden of diseases due to occupational carcinogens. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 48(6), 419-431, 2005
  5. Official Journal of the European communities : Commission Directive 1999/77/EC adapting to technical progress for the sixth time Annex I to Council Directive 76/769/EEC relating to restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations, 1999
  6. Ye, B.J., Kim, J.I., Lee, H.J., Kim, K.N., Jung, K.Y., Kim, J.Y., Yun, S.H. : The prevalence of asbestos exposure induced pleural thickening on chest radiograph in repairing shipyard workers. Korean society of occupational & environmental medicine, 20(1), 9-14, 2008
  7. Korea Asbestos Management Association. The 10th professional asbestos agent fostering curriculum, 231-345, 2008
  8. Oh, J.S., Shin, Y.J., Lee, S.D. : Plan for vitalization of busan new port by activating ship repair industry. Korean Society of Marine Engineering, 31(6), 810-817, 2007
  9. American Conference of Govermental Industrial Hygienists : Air Sampling Instruments for Evaluation of Atmospheric Contaminants, 7th Ed., ACGIH, 1989
  10. Kamp DW. Srinivasan M. Weitzman SA. : Cigarette smoke and asbestos activate poly-ADP-ribose polymerase in alveolar epithelial cells. Journal Investing Medicine, 49(1), 68-76, 2001
  11. Last JM, Wallace RB. : Asbestos and other fibesrs. In: Maxcy-Rosenau-Last Public Health Preventive Medicine. 13th ed. Appleton & Lange, East Norwalk, 343-64, 1992
  12. Park, D.Y., Paik, N.W. : Worker exposure to asbestos Fibers in asbestos slate manufacturing and asbestos textile industries. Korean Society of Environmental Health ,14(2), 13-27, 1988
  13. Naztional Institute for Occupational Safety and Health(NIOSH). Asbestos Fibers in Air, Method No. 7400, NIOSH Manual of Analytical Method, 3rd Edition, DHHS(NIOSH) Publication No. 84-100, Cincinnati, OH, 1989
  14. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Manual of analytical methods, 4th Ed., asbestos and other fibers by PCM No. asbestos (bulk) by PLM No. 9002, 1994
  15. Ministry of Labor. Guideline of approval / permit system for removal of asbestos-containing fixtures. 15-54, 2007
  16. Becklake, MR. : Asbestos-related diseases of the lung and other organs: their epidemiology and implications for clinical practice. American review of respiratory disease, 114, 187-227, 1976
  17. Kim, K. N., Kim, J. I., Lee, K. N., Jung, K. Y., Kim, J. Y. : Imaging findings among retired workers who were long-term exposed to asbestos. Korean society of occupational & environmental medicine, 18(2),87-93, 2006
  18. Yoon, D.Y., Kang, J.W., Lee, H.J., Kim, J.I., Son, J.E., Jung, K.Y., Kim, J.Y., Roh , M.S. : A case of lung cancer by long-term asbestos exposure. Korean Society of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 16(4), 499-504, 2004
  19. Ministry of Labor: About industrial health standard rule, 2007