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Comparison of Estimated Daily Dietary Intake of Dioxins in Coastal, Rural, and Urban District

어촌, 농촌, 도시 지역별 주민의 식품을 통한 다이옥신의 섭취량 추정

  • Park, Jung-Duck (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Huang, Ming-Ai (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Im, Ruth (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Choi, Byung-Sun (Dept. of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chung-Ang University) ;
  • Yang, Jae-Ho (Dept. of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Bae, Yun-Jung (Dept. of Food & Nutrition, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Jun, Ye-Sook (Dept. of Human Nutrition & Food Science, Chungwoon University) ;
  • Choi, Mi-Kyeong (Dept. of Human Nutrition & Food Science, Chungwoon University)
  • 박정덕 (중앙대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 황명애 (중앙대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 임룻 (중앙대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 최병선 (중앙대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 양재호 (대구가톨릭대학교 의과대학 약리학교실) ;
  • 배윤정 (숙명여자대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 전예숙 (청운대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 최미경 (청운대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2008.03.31

Abstract

The human population is mainly exposed to dioxins through the diet. The purpose of this study was to estimate the daily dietary intake of PCDDs and PCDFs in Korean adults residing in different regions. Subjects were recruited and divided into three groups according to the districts where they lived: rural (n=213), coastal (n=193), and urban district (n=187). Subjects were interviewed using a general questionnaire and 24-hour recall for dietary intake. The daily intake of dioxins was estimated through the use of the database of dioxins contents in 35 Korean foods. The average age of the subjects were 61.5 years for coastal district, 57.6 years for rural district, and 49.4 years for urban district. Daily energy intake was 1707.7 kcal for rural district, 1596.5 kcal for urban district, and 1493.8 kcal for coastal district. There was no significant difference in total food intake by regions. The intakes from fishes of coastal district, those from cereals, vegetables, meats, and seasonings of rural district, and those from sugars, pulses, eggs, seaweeds, milks, oils of urban area were higher than those of the other two districts. The daily dioxins intake of coastal district (0.70 pgTEQ/kg/day) was significantly higher than those of rural district (0.32 pgTEQ/kg/day) and urban district (0.46 pgTEQ/kg/day). The dioxins intake from cereals, pulses, vegetables, fishes of coastal district and those from eggs and milks of urban area were the highest among the districts. The daily dioxins intake was positively correlated with the intakes of meats, eggs, fishes, oils, and seasonings. Therefore, it could be concluded that the daily dioxins intake of coastal district is higher than that in other districts and the fish is one of the main sources in dioxin intakes. However, daily dioxins intakes of the three regions were below the level of tolerable daily intake (TDI).

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