Evaluation of Livestock Manure Utilization Rates as Agricultural Purpose in Developed OECD Countries by Using Nutrient Balances

OECD 양분수지를 이용한 축산선진국의 농경지 축산분뇨 이용실태 평가

Kim, Pil-Joo;Lee, Yong-Bok;Lee, Youn;Yun, Hong-Bae;Lee, Kyung-Dong

  • Published : 2008.12.31


The nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) balances in Korea during 1985-2006, which calculated according to the surface balance method of the PARCOM guidelines, continually increased with the lapse of year, and then might keep the highest levels with about $250kg\;N\;ha^{-1}$ and $50kg\;P\;ha^{-1}$ in 2006 among OECD countries. National phosphorus balance of the developed OECD countries (Belgium, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands) in the livestock feeding industries has significantly decreased, due to limit livestock feeding density and nutrient application level by using strong legislation. However, Korean P balance was not apparent decrease, since the number of livestock feeding heads has been increasing, irrespective with the decrease of chemical fertilizer consumption. Manure P portion to the total P input amount of the above four OECD Countries in nutrient balance has continuously inclined to 60-70%. Therefore, the large portion of livestock manure might be used as nutrient source in agricultural side in these countries. In particular, manure P application levels of Belgium and The Netherlands, which have relatively high P balance and manure P portion to total P input dose, was estimated to be $31-33\;kg\;p\;ha^{-1}$ in 2004, and it was similar level with that of Korea in 2006. The manure P application levels for agricultural purpose has continuously decreased in these two OECD countries. In contrast, our manure P application rate continuously increased, and therefore we need the strong political countermeasure to control livestock feeding density at the resonable level.


OECD nutrient balance;surface balance;livestock manure;manure application rate


  1. RDA. (2007) 가축분뇨 자원화 연구동향 및 금후 연구추진방향분석
  2. 이연, 윤홍배, 노재승 (2005) 농업양분지표의 정책적 이용. OECD 농업환경지표의 개발과 전망, 2005년도 한국환경농학회 춘계워크숍. pp. 135-146. 한국환경농학회
  3. 김창길. (2007) 양분수지지표를 활용한 양분 총량제 개발 및 평가. OECD농업환경지표 개발 및 정책적 활용에 관한 워크숍. p, 27-55. 농촌진흥청
  4. 농림부. 농림업주요통계. (2007)
  5. Whalen, J.K, and Chang, C. (2001) Phosphorus accumulation in cultivated soils from long-term annual application of cattle feedlot manure. J. Environ. Qual. 30, 222-228
  6. Parris, K. (1998) Agricultural nutrient balances as agri-environmental indicators: an OECD perspective. Environmental Pollution 102,219-225
  7. Nanzyo, M., Dahlgren, R., and Shoji, S. (1993) Chemical characteristics of volcanic ash soils. In: Shoji, S., Nanzyo, M., Dahlgren, R.A., editors. Volcanic ash soils: genesis, properties, and utilization. Amsterdam: Elsevier
  8. Oenema, O. (2004) Governmental policies and measures regulation nitrogen and phosphorus from animal manure in European agriculture. J. of Animal Science. 82, E196-E206
  9. Nutrient Management Legislation in European Countries. Department of Soil Management and Soil Care, Ghent, Belgium, p. 56-77
  10. PARCOM (1995) PARCOM guidelines for calculating mineral balances. Oslo and Paris conventions for the prevention of marine pollution programs and measures committee (PRAM), Oviedo, 20-24 February
  11. OECD (2006) OECD Nitrogen and Phosphorus balance handbook
  12. Kim, S.C., Park, Y.H., Lee, Y., and Kim, P.J. (2005) Comparison of OECD nitrogen balance of Korea and Japan. Korean J. of Environmental Agriculture. 24, 295-302

Cited by

  1. Evaluation of Phosphorus Balance in Green Manure-Rice Cropping Systems with Different Incorporation Rate of Green Manure Crops vol.31, pp.4, 2012,
  2. Effects of organic matter sources on nitrogen supply potential in arable land vol.42, pp.4, 2015,
  3. Assessment of Agricultural Nutrient Surplus in Pig-concentrated Region in Korea vol.46, pp.6, 2013,
  4. Systematic Review on Management of Livestock wastes for Improving Water Quality vol.31, pp.5, 2015,
  5. A study on the improvement measures of livestock manure management and organic fertilizer use in Nonsan area vol.22, pp.4, 2013,
  6. The Effect of Flooding Time on Ammonia Emission after Application of Liquid Pig Manure in Paddy Soil vol.30, pp.4, 2011,
  7. Changes of Potential NPK Input by Chemical Fertilizers and Livestock Manure from 1990 to 2011 in Korea vol.46, pp.6, 2013,
  8. Environmental impact of livestock manure and organic fertilizer use on the Masan stream watershed vol.23, pp.2, 2014,
  9. Evaluation of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Balance in Green Manure-Rice Cropping Systems without Incorporation of Green Manure Crops vol.31, pp.4, 2012,
  10. Determination of Prior Areas for Livestock Excreta Pollution Survey vol.24, pp.8, 2015,
  11. Evaluation of Cropping Model of Green Manure Crops with Main Crops for Upland-Specific vol.46, pp.2, 2013,