Synthesis of Highly Pure 1,4-Sorbitan for Preparation of Anti-Fogging Agent

Solbitol로부터 무적제 제조용 고순도 1,4-솔비탄의 합성

  • Yu, Hwa-Yeal (Division of Applied Chem. Eng., Pukyong National University) ;
  • Moon, Bu-Hyun (Division of Applied Chem. Eng., Pukyong National University) ;
  • Ju, Chang-Sik (Division of Applied Chem. Eng., Pukyong National University)
  • 류화열 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 문부현 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부) ;
  • 주창식 (부경대학교 응용화학공학부)
  • Published : 2008.03.31


In order to develope an efficient way for the synthesis of highly pure 1,4-sorbitan solution from sorbitol, some experimental studies were performed. The reaction showed first order reaction with activation energy of 118.3 KJ/mol. Color of the product solutions changed to brown with reaction temperature and reaction time. The equilibrium contents of 1,4-sorbitan increased with decrease in reaction pressure, but the content of major impurity, sorbide, showed maximum about 550 torr vacuum with $H_3PO_4$ catalyst. The reasonable catalyst configuration was 0.26 wt% PTSA and 1 wt% $H_3PO_2$ and optimum reaction temperature and pressure range was $110\sim120^{\circ}C$ and $700\sim720$ torr vacuum, respectively. At optimum reaction conditions, we could obtain white product solutions of highly pure 1,4-sorbitan with sorbide less than 10 wt%. This white product solution is advantageous for preparation of high quality span, anti-fogging agent.


1,4-Sorbitan;Anti-fogging agent;Sorbitol;Span


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