The Development of 4M Learning Cycle Teaching Model Based on the Integrated Mental Model Theory: Focusing on the Theoretical Basis & Development Procedure

통합적 정신모형 이론에 기반한 4M 순환학습 수업모형 개발: 이론적 배경과 개발과정을 중심으로

  • Park, Ji-Yeon (Seoul National University, Department of Physics Education) ;
  • Lee, Gyoung-Ho (Seoul National University, Department of Physics Education)
  • 박지연 (서울대학교 물리교육과) ;
  • 이경호 (서울대학교 물리교육과)
  • Published : 2008.08.30


Many researches have reported that it is difficult to solve students' difficulties in learning science with teaching models focused on certain aspects because of various reasons. Recently, in science education research, the integrated perceptive has been to put emphasis on understanding complex situations of real teaching and learning. In this research context, the integrated mental model theory that were considered as a whole factor related to learning has been studied by integrating previous studies that related to students' conceptions and learning in various fields. Thus, it is needed that the teaching model be based on the integrated mental model theory to help students to solve their difficulties. The purpose of this research was to develop a new teaching model based on the integrated mental model theory to address this issue. We reviewed current studies on student difficulties and teaching models. After this, we developed 4M learning cycle teaching model. In this paper, we described the process of developing a new teaching model and discussed how to apply this teaching model to the practices. We also discussed the effects of 4M learning cycle teaching model based on the integrated mental model theory in learning science with its implications.


the integrated mental model theory;4M learning cycle teaching model;teaching strategy;student difficulty


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