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A Study on the Quality of Ramyon Made from Korean Wheat and Arrowroot(Pueraria thunbergiana B) Starch

칡전분과 한국산밀로 만든 라면의 품질연구

  • Hwang, Eun-Hee (Department of Food and Nutrition, Wonkwang University) ;
  • Kim, Kee-Hwan (Department of Food and Nutrition, Wonkwang University)
  • 황은희 (원광대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김기환 (원광대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2008.02.28

Abstract

This study examines the cooking quality, rheology, and sensory characteristics of ramyon noodles made from Korean wheat and arrowroot starch. The control was made from Australian standard wheat(ASW) and the sample was made from Korean wheat. The ratios of arrowwood starch in the sample group were 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30% respectively, and the result was as follows: the yield of the arrowwood starch was 18.8% and moisture level was 14.2%. The lightness(L), redness(a), and yellowness(b) of ASW were 92.07, 1.44, 10.22 respectively, whereas those of Korean wheat were 92.05, 1.55, 11.01, which means the two kinds of wheat showed very little difference in lightness, but Korean wheat had higher degrees of a and b than ASW. The color value of arrowroot starch is L 72.65, a 3.44, b 12.92, so it has a lower degree of lightness and higher degrees of a and b than two kinds of wheat. Dried ramyon displayed a lower degree of lightness and higher degrees of a and b than cooked ramyon, but the first decreased and a increased as we increased the ratio of arrowroot starch in it. The weight of dried ramyon did not show a significant difference among the groups. On the other hand, the weight, volume, water absorption, and the turbidity of cooked ramyon increased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch in it. The maximum weight, solidity, and elasticity of the control group were greater than those of ramyon made from Korean wheat, but its brittleness was lower. The two groups showed the same degrees of hardness, adhesiveness, and cohesiveness. The maximum weight, solidity, and adhesiveness of the control group increased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch in it, and the hardness and brittleness were great when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 20%; elasticity was greatest when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 15, 20, and 25%; its adhesiveness and cohesiveness did not depend on the amount of arrowroot starch in it. In the sensory characteristics evaluation, the items that showed significant differences include: appearance (p<0.01), color(p<0.01), smell(p<0.001), transparency(p<0.05), and overall acceptability(p<0.05). The ramyon earned the highest score in appearance when the ratios of arrowroot starch were 5%, 15%, and 20%. As for color and smell, it earned the highest score when it contained 20 and 25% of arrowroot starch. The transparency decreased as we increased the amount of arrowroot starch, and overall acceptability was highest when the ratio of arrowroot starch was 15%. There was a significant difference in overall acceptability between the control and the sample group. As for the loosing speed and chewiness, there was no significant difference between the two groups. When we look at the result of various tests to evaluate the cooking quality, rheology, and sensory characteristics of ramyon noodles, ramyons that contained 15 to 25% of arrowroot starch earned the high scores, and of these the one with 20% of arrowroot starch earned the highest score on all accounts.

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