DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Estimation of Source Contribution for PM10 by Chemical Mass Balance(CMB) in Busan

  • Published : 2008.04.30

Abstract

PM10 samples were collected from July 2007 to Oct. 2007 at Gwaebopdong(inland area) and Dongsamdong(coastal area), in Busan. This paper investigates the contribution of emission sources to PM10 mass in Busan. Source apportionment results derived from the chemical mass balance(CMB) method. A source profiles applied in this study is organized to minimize the collinearity among sources type via statistical method. Source profiles applied in this study utilized a measured value of fine particle directly sampled from metropolitan area such as Seoul and Incheon, After a CMB modeling, sulfate and nitrate related sources among those contributing to PM10 in Busan showed high contribution by 36.53% in Gwaebopdong and 42.02% in Dongsamdong.

Keywords

Chemical mass balance(CMB);Source apportionment;Source profiles;Sulfate and nitrate related

References

  1. U.S., Environmental Protection Agency, 2004, Protocol for applying and validating the CMB model for PM2.5 and VOC, EPA-451/R-04-001
  2. NIER, 2005, Study on management plan for air quality in metropolitan, 384pp
  3. Vega E., Mugica V., Carmona R., Valencia E., 2000, Hydrocarbon source apportionment in Mexico City using the chemical mass balance receptor model, Atmos. Environ., 34, 4121-4129 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00496-3
  4. Hopke P. K., 1985, Receptor Modeling in Environmental Chemistry, John Willy & Sons
  5. Parrish D. D., Fehsenfeld F. C., 2000, Methods for gas-phase measurements of ozone, ozone precursors and aerosol precursors, Atmos. Environ., 34, 1921-1957 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00454-9
  6. Watson J. G., Chow J. C., Lu Z., Fujita E. M., Lowenthal D. H., Lawson D. R., Ashbaugh L. L., 1994, Chemical mass balance source apportionment of PM10 during the southern California air quality study, Environ. Sci. & Technol., 21, 1-36
  7. Watson J. G., 1984, Overview of receptor model principles, JAPCA, 34, 619-623 https://doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1984.10465780
  8. Gorden G. E., 1988, Receptor models, Environ. Sci. & Technol., 22(10), 1132-1142 https://doi.org/10.1021/es00175a002
  9. Chan C. C., Nien C. K., Hwang J. S., 1996, Receptor modeling of VOCs, CO, NOx and THC in Taipei, Atmos. Environ., 30(1), 25-33 https://doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(95)00261-V
  10. Fujita E. M., Watson J. G., Chow J. C., Magliano K. L., 1995, Receptor model and emissions inventory source apportionments of nonmethane organic gases in California's San Joaquin Valley and San Francisco Bay area, Atmos. Environ., 29(21), 3019- 3035 https://doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(95)00122-F