Effect of design parameters on the anti-penetration properties of space armor

  • Teng, Tso-Liang (Department of Mechanical and automation Engineering, Da-Yeh University) ;
  • Shih, Ta-Ming (Department of Weapon System Engineering, Chung Cheng Institute of Technology, National Defense University) ;
  • Lu, Cheng-Chung (Department of Weapon System Engineering, Chung Cheng Institute of Technology, National Defense University)
  • Received : 2006.10.13
  • Accepted : 2008.01.28
  • Published : 2008.04.20


New types of armor, including space armor, multiple-layered armor, composite armor and modular armor have been successfully developed and installed on the armored vehicles of several nations. The protective capability of armor against penetration is established. Of developed composite armor, space armor has a simple structure and is easy to produce and can be produced at low cost. This study uses the finite element package DYTRAN and the pre and post processor PNTRAN to elucidate the ballistic resistance and penetration of space armor. Factors such as armor thickness, space between armors and projectile profile are considered. A technique for simulating the protection afforded by armor and supporting the design of space armor is developed.


  1. Chin, K.H. and Lim, S.E. (1991), "Simulation of projectile penetration into armor ceramics", ASME, AMD, 225, 93-98
  2. Chen, E.P. (1989), "The application of numerical analysis on penetration mechanical engineering", Conf. Penetration Mech. Eng., 2-1-2-49
  3. Chao, C.K. and Chang, R.C. (2000), "Damage evaluation of two-layer targets impacted by a projectile", Int. J. Impact Eng., 24, 299-311
  4. Naz, P. (1987), "Spaced plates penetration by spherical high-density fragments at high velocity", 10th Symp. Ballistics
  5. McGlaun, M. (1994), "Overview of shock physics codes for analysis", Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM 87185-0819
  6. Yatteau, J.D., Recht, R.F. and Dickinson, D.L. (1986), "High-speed penetration of spaced plates by compact fragments", 9th Symp. Ballistics
  7. Zukas, J.A. (2004), Introduction to Hydrocodes Elsevier Ltd
  8. Radin, J. and Goldsmith, W. (1988), "Normal projectile penetration of layered targets", Int. J. Impact Eng., 7, 229-259
  9. Almohandes, A.A., Abdel-Kader, M.S. and Eleiche, A.M. (1996), "Experimental investigation of the ballistic resistance of steel-fiberglass reinforced polyester laminated plates", Composites, Part B 27B, 447-458
  10. Adenson, C.E. Jr. (1987), "An overview of the theory of hydrocodes", Int. J. Impact Eng., 5(1-4), 33-59
  11. Chocron, S., Anderson Jr C.E., Walker, J.D. and Ravid, M. (2003), "A unified model for long-rod penetration in multiple metallic plates", Int. J. Impact Eng., 28, 391-411
  12. Liu, C.K. and Shu, L.C. (1999), "The analysis on perforation resistance of multi-layered structure", The Conference of the Aeronautical and Astronautical Society/Explosive and Propellants Society of the Republic of China, 265-272
  13. O'Donnell, R.G. (1993), "Deformation energy of kevlar backing plates for ceramic armors", J. Mater. Sci. Letters, 12, 1485-1486
  14. Robbins, J.R., Ding, J.L. and Gupta, Y.M. (2004), "Load spreading and penetration resistance of layered structures-a numerical study", Int. J. Impact Eng., 30, 593-615
  15. Yatteau, J.D. and Dzwilewski, P.T. (2003), "Adaptation of full impact penetration models to partial impact geometries for tumbling rods penetrating space plates", Int. J. Impact Eng., 29, 821-831

Cited by

  1. New results on ballistic performance of multi-layered metal shields: Review vol.88, 2017,
  2. Ballistic impact analysis of double-layered metal plates vol.405, pp.1757-899X, 2018,