Chemical Characterization of Industrial Hemp (Cannabis sativa) Biomass as Biorefinery Feedstock

  • Shin, Soo-Jeong (Wood & Paper Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Han, Gyu-Seong (Wood & Paper Science, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Choi, In-Gyu (Program in Environmental Material Science, College of Agricultural & Life Science, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, Sim-Hee (Forest Seed Research Center, Korea Forest Research Institute)
  • Published : 2008.06.30


Chemical composition and enzymatic saccharification characteristics of hemp woody core were investigated by their chemical composition analysis and enzymatic saccharification with commercially available cellulases (Celluclast 1.5L and Novozym 342). Hemp woody core have higher xylan and lower lignin contents than its bast fiber. Based on hemicelluloses and lignin composition, hemp woody core is similar with hardwood biomass. However, cellulose was more easily converted to glucose than xylan to xylose and this trend was confirmed both hemp woody core and yellow poplar. Hemp woody core biomass shows higher saccharification than yellow poplar (hardwood biomass) based on cellulose and xylan hydrolysis. With easier enzymatic saccharification in cellulose and xylan, and similar chemical composition, hemp woody core have better biorefinery feedstock characteristics than hardwood biomass.


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