The Effects of Controlling the Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera, Aphididae) on Cucumber of Entomopahtogenic Fungus, Beauveria bassiana

  • Kang, Min-Ah (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Youn, Young-Nam (Department of Applied Biology, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2008.01.14
  • Accepted : 2008.06.19
  • Published : 2008.12.30

Abstract

Beauveria bassiana can be used as a biological insecticide to control a number of pests. It has been known as that B. bassiana TBI-1 have a insecticidal effect on the twospotted spider mite (Teranychus urticae) and the greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum) these days. The biological pest control agent, B. bassiana, showed somewhat insecticidal activities against the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii, too. After treatment with biological insecticide, the mean of increasing rate of aphids was at around recorded at around 0.21 while at around 0.24 in non-treated TBI-1 biological insecticide condition during 1 week. Consequently, it was found that treatment of Beauveria bassiana reduced an increasing rate of aphid population. Also, we could visually observe dead aphids changed as a reddish mold due to this insecticidal fungus. B. bassiana TBI-1 can significantly reduce an increasing rate of aphid population, so effective biological control against the cotton aphid are possible.