A Study on the Labor Utilization of the Orange Farming Farmhouseholds in China

중국 밀감 농작업에 있어서 노동력 이용형태에 관한 연구

  • Kim, Jai-Hong (Dept. of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Pan, Li (Dept. of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Chungnam National University)
  • 김재홍 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 농업경제학과) ;
  • 반려 (충남대학교 농업생명과학대학 농업경제학과)
  • Received : 2008.02.20
  • Accepted : 2008.06.24
  • Published : 2008.12.30

Abstract

China's agriculture is changing now, especially in terms of cash farming. Orange farming is one of the main cash crops. This study is to identify the labor utilization of orange farming of farm households in China. The Results are as follows. First, farm size increasing is an essential measure to save labor. Big farm requires less than 20% of labor inputs than that of average size farm. Second, in the aspect of the employment labor, while male labor accounted for the 5% of total labor, female employment labor took up much more, which amounts to almost half of family labor. Third, the average wage of men is almost twice as much as that of women's wage, and it is sharply increasing. Fourth, Chinese farm households put more labor input than Korean farm households in orange production, which is due to the substitution of capital for labor.