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Chemical Component Analysis of Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Seeds with Various Cultivars

품종별 고추씨의 화학적 성분 분석

  • Published : 2008.08.30

Abstract

This study was carried to investigate the proximate compositions, capsacinoids, organic acid of various red pepper (Capscium annuum L.) seeds. Twenty domestic varieties of red pepper seeds cultivated in Korea and four foreign varieties of samples cultivated in New Mexico, USA were analyzed. In proximate composition of the various red pepper seeds, ash content showed a range of $3.11{\pm}0.03{\sim}3.77{\pm}0.01%$, and protein content showed a range of $13.25{\pm}0.01{\sim}16.53{\pm}0.08%$. On the other hand, crude lipid content showed wide range distribution of $18{\sim}30%$ and total dietary fiber showed a range of $40{\sim}65%$. Capsaicin content of various red pepper seeds showed $0.09{\pm}0.04{\sim}5.32{\pm}0.14\;mg%$ and dihydrocapsaicin was $0.00{\sim}2.17{\pm}0.18\;mg%$. Capsaicin content was higher than dihydrocapsaicin content. In the organic acid content, Dangchan, Chohyang and Mixed red pepper seed showed a low range of $1.6{\sim}1.9%$; in contrast, Chunhamujuk, Samgang, Ganggun, Wangdaebak, Chunhailpum, New Mexico 6 and LB-25 showed higher values of over 5%.

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