Relationship between Functional Quality of Garlic and Soil Composition

마늘의 기능성 품질과 토양 성분 간의 관계

  • Lee, Yun-Kyoung (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Sin, Hyun-Man (Chungcheongbuk-do Agricultural Research and Extension Service) ;
  • Woo, Koan-Sik (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Hwang, In-Guk (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Kang, Tae-Su (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Chungbuk Provincial University) ;
  • Jeong, Heon-Sang (Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungbuk National University)
  • 이윤경 (충북대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 신현만 (충청북도농업기술원) ;
  • 우관식 (충북대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 황인국 (충북대학교 식품공학과) ;
  • 강태수 (충북과학대학 바이오식품생명과학과) ;
  • 정헌상 (충북대학교 식품공학과)
  • Published : 2008.02.28

Abstract

This survey was conducted to investigate the functional quality characteristics of garlic based on different soil conditions (Pyungan, Maji, Anmi, Yuga, and Songjung soils). The Pyungan, Maji, and Anmi soils from the Danyang area showed high levels of pH, organic matter, available $P_2O_5$, and inorganic components. For the functional compositions of the garlic harvested from the different soil conditions, the Pyungan garlic contained the highest amounts of alliin and total fructan, with 9.2 and 193.3 mg/g, respectively. The Pyungan garlic also showed the highest amounts of total polyphenol and flavonoids, with 146.5 and 123.5 mg/100 g, respectively. Among the garlics from the different soils, the IC50 values by the DPPH assay ranged from 0.28 to 0.32 g/mL, and the $IC_{50}$ of the Pyungan garlic was 0.28 g/mL. The correlation coefficients between the functional quality of the garlic and the different soil compositions were analyzed. The quality of the garlic was positively affected by the pH and organic matter content (p < 0.01) of the soil. Since the Danyang garlic harvested from the Danyang soil had better functional qualities, these results suggest that the production of garlic in a suitable area for the ecotype is most effective.

Keywords

garlic(Allium sativum L.);soil properties;garlic quality;alliin;antioxidant activity

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