Optimum Fermentation Conditions and Fermentation Characteristics of Mulberry (Morus alba) Wine

오디(Morus alba) 와인의 최적 발효조건 및 발효 특성

  • Kim, Yong-Suk (Research Center for Industrial Development of BioFood Materials, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Jeong, Do-Yeong (Daesang Co. Ltd., Sunchang Factory) ;
  • Shin, Dong-Hwa (Faculty of Biotechnology (Food Science & Technology Major), Chonbuk National University)
  • 김용석 (전북대학교 바이오식품소재개발 및 산업화연구센터) ;
  • 정도영 (대상(주) 순창공장) ;
  • 신동화 (전북대학교 응용생물공학부(식품공학전공))
  • Published : 2008.02.28

Abstract

For the development of mulberry wine, we investigated its optimum fermentation conditions as well as quality changes during fermentation. The physicochemical characteristics of the mulberry fruit used in the study were pH 4.56, 0.50% titratable acidity, and 13.0 $^{circ}Brix$ soluble solids. The mulberry wine fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae KCCM 12224 (Sc-24) at 24 $^{circ}Brix$ soluble solids and $26^{circ}C$ showed excellent characteristics in terms of ethanol production, titratable acidity, and redness. The sucrose, fructose, and glucose contents of the mulberry wine drastically decreased with fermentation time. The citric acid content was maintained during the fermentation period, and malic acid decreased, but lactic and succinic acids increased. The cyanidin-3-glucoside content, a major anthocyanin pigment, of the mulberry wine drastically decreased from 195.5 mg% at the initial stage of fermentation to 15.37 mg% at 2 days of fermentation. However, cyanidin-3-rutinoside decreased gradually. In summary, a mulberry wine of high quality was made by fermentation for 8 days at $26^{\circ}C$ using mashed mulberry fruit containing $24^{\circ}Brix$ soluble solids, after adding 200 ppm $K_2S_2O_5$ and inoculating with 3%(v/v) Sc-24.

Keywords

mulberry;mulberry wine;optimum fermentation condition;anthocyanin;fermentation

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