Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate에 의해 유도되는 Dimethomorph의 오이 엽면 침투 기작

Mechanism of Action of Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate on Foliar Penetration of Dimethomorph into Cucumber

  • 유주현 (한국화학연구원 바이오정밀화학연구센터)
  • Yu, Ju-Hyun (Chemical Biotechnology Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology)
  • 발행 : 2008.06.30

초록

침투성 증진 물질로 fatty alcohol ethoxylate(FAE) 혹은 지방산 에스테르를 함유하는 dimethomorph 수용액을 오이 잎에 분무 살포하여 침투율을 측정하고, FAE의 각기 다른 분자내 친수기와 친유기의 구성에 따른 dimethomorph의 침투율을 조사함으로써 FAE에 의해 유도되는 dimethomorph의 침투 기작을 추론하였다. Polyoxyethylene mono-9-octadecenyl ether(ethylene oxide 부가몰수 6 몰, $C_{18=9}E_6$)에 의해 유도된 dimethomorph의 오이 엽면 침투량은 분무액 중의 $C_{18=9}E_6$의 농도와 dimethomorph농도에 비례하였다. 따라서 FAE의 엽면 침투와 그로 인하여 유도되는 dimethomorph의 침투성은 잎 표면으로부터 내부를 향하여 일어나는 단순한 확산 현상임을 알 수 있었다. 동일한 몰농도로 첨가된 지방산 에스테르와 FAE를 이용한 실험에서 dimethomorph의 오이 잎 침투성 증진에는 친유기로 octadecanol이 가장 효과적이었으며, 여기에 부가된 친수기 polyoxyethylene은 ethylene oxide(EO) 부가몰수가 20 몰까지 증가할수록 더욱 효과적이었다. 따라서 FAE 계면활성제의 친유기는 dimethomorph의 확산 침투가 용이해지도록 주로 오이 잎의 cuticular wax의 이화학적 성질을 변화시키는 역할을 하며, 20 몰 이하의 EO가 부가된 친수기 Polyoxyethylene은 FAE의 몰부피를 증가시킴으로써 FAE 자체의 확산 침투 속도를 늦추고 cuticular membrane 내에 오래 머물게 함으로써 dimethomorph의 침투가 용이하도록 친유기에 의해 변화된 cuticular wax의 이화학성을 오래 동안 유지하는 역할을 하는 것으로 추정되었다.

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