Inhibition of Meloidogyne incognita Egg Hatching by Herbal Extracts

식물체 추출물이 뿌리혹선충(Meloidogyne incognita)의 부화에 미치는 영향

  • Elbadri, G.A.A. (Agricultural Research Corporation, Cop Protection Research Center) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Woon (Department of Applied Biology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Park, Jung-Chan (Department of Applied Biology and Environmental Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choo, Ho-Yul (Department of Applied Biology and Environmental Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Hyeong-Hwan (Horticultural Environment Division, National Horticultural Research Institute)
  • ;
  • 이동운 (경북대학교 생물응용학과) ;
  • 박정찬 (경상대학교 응용생물환경학과) ;
  • 추호렬 (경상대학교 응용생물환경학과) ;
  • 김형환 (원예연구소 원예환경과)
  • Published : 2008.06.30

Abstract

The inhibitory effect of herbal extracts using methanol and hexane collected from Sudan and Korea was evaluated on egg hatching of Meloidogyne incognita. The concentration of herbal extracts were 10,000, 1,000 and 100 ppm, respectively. They were treated to Meloidogyne incognita eggs after 3, 7, and 21 days of hatching. All herbal extracts inhibited egg hatching significantly compared to the control. The degree of inhibition was directly related to the concentration of the extracts. At 10,000 ppm, very fewer individuals were hatched at all the periods of exposure with the exception of the extract of fruits of Quisqalis indica which gave 84.4 and 54.5% at 7 and 21 days, respectively. Egg hatching was completely ceased, especially after 7 days for most of the extracts. While at 1,000 ppm relatively high numbers of eggs were hatched compared to the higher concentration, as well the extracts Q. indica reported many number of hatched eggs compared to others, especially at 21 days. On the other hand, the extract from pods of Cucumis mello var agrestis gave the least hatching number of eggs at all periods of exposure which gave 2, 8, and 3% at 3, 7, and 21 days, respectively in comparison to the control. Whereas at 100 ppm, inhibition increased with exposure time. However, the extract leaf of Desmodium caudatum represented the fewer hatching eggs at 3 and 7 days.

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