An Study on the Union Commitment and Union Participation Intention : Based on Social Exchange Theory

사회적 교환이론의 관점에 입각한 노조몰입 및 노조참여 의도의 결정요인에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Cheol-Ki (School of Industrial Management, Korea University of Technology and Education) ;
  • Lee, Kwang-Hee (Dept. of Industrial Management, Kumoh National Institute of Technology)
  • 이철기 (한국기술교육대학교 산업경영학부) ;
  • 이광희 (금오공과대학교 산업경영학과)
  • Published : 2008.09.30


The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants of union commitment and union participation intention based on the social exchange perspective and apply implications to union setting to improve union management. The results are as follows : Firstly, union commitment is the most direct predictors of union participation intention and mediates the relation both perceived union support and union instrumentality and union participation intention. Secondly, both perceived union support and union instrumentality are direct predictors of union commitment but perceived union support has more effect than union instrumentality on union commitment. Lastly, process related justices affect on perceived union support but interactional justice is a more Important antecedent of perceived union support than procedural justice. Unexpected finding is that union instrumentality has direct relationship with not only union commitment but also perceived union support. This finding is needed further research in the future.



  1. 김명언, 김효선; "노조몰입과 회사몰입:상호관계성 및 선행변인들", 한국심리학회지, 11(1):113-135, 1998
  2. 김정남, 권진순; "노조원의 이중몰입에 대한 역할 갈등이론적 검증", 산업경제, 11:79-103, 2000
  3. 김정한; "노동조합몰입의 결정요인에 관한 연구", 인사.조직연구, 4(1):133-167, 1996
  4. 서재현; "조직정의가 조직몰입과 노조몰입의 형성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구", 인력 개발연구, 2(1) :101-124, 2000
  5. 서재현, 이진규; "노조몰입과 조직몰입의 구성 타당성 연구", 경영학연구, 23(특별호):41-56, 1994
  6. 이병훈, 유제민; "이중몰입의 구조방정식모형에 관한 연구:개념구성과 인과경로를 중심으로", 한국사회학, 36(6):83-108, 2002
  7. 이을터, 이장원; "한국과 중국 근로자들의 이중몰입 실증연구", 노동정책연구, 6(3):131-158, 2006
  8. 정연앙; "조직(회사)몰입과 노동조합몰입을 통한 노사관계안정도의 평가", 경영학연구, 27(2):439-464, 1998
  9. 조효래; "노동조합내부 정치와 토의 민주주의", 산업노동연구, 13(1):209-238, 2007
  10. Alexander, S., Sinclair, R., and Tetrick, L. E.; "The role of organizational justice in defining and maintaining the employment relationship," in L. E. Tetrick and J. Barling(Ed.), Changing employment relationl:Behavioral and Social Perspectives, American Psychological Association, Washington, DC, 61-89, 1995
  11. Armeli, S., Eisenberger, E., Fasolo, P., and Lynch, P.; "Perceived organizational support and police performance: The moderating influence of socioemotional needs," Journal of Applied Psychology, 83:288-297, 1998
  12. Aryee, S, and Chay, Y. W.; "orkplace Justice, Citizenship Behavoir, and Turnover Intentions in a Union Context:Examining the Mediating Role of Perceived Union Support and Union Instrumentality," Journal of Applied Psychology, 86:154-60, 2001
  13. Bamberger P. A., A. N. Kluger, and R. Suchard; "The antecedents and consequences of union commitment: a meta analysis," Academy of Management Journal, 42(3):304-318, 1999
  14. Barling, J., Wade, B., and Fullagar, C.; "Predicting employee commitment to company and union:Divergent models," Journal of Occupational Psychology, 563 :49-61, 1990
  15. Becker, H. S.; "Notes on the concept of commitment," American Journal of Sociology, 66:32-42, 1960
  16. Blau, P.; Exchange and power in social life, Wiley Press, New York, 1964
  17. Bollen, K. A.; Structural equations with latent variables, Wiley, New York, 1989
  18. Chan, A. W., E. Snape, and T. Redman; "Union commitment and participation among Hong Kong firefighter: a development of an integrative model," International Journal of Human Resource Management, 15(3):533-548, 2004
  19. Eigenberger, R., Cummings, J., Armeli, S., and Lynch, P.; "Perceived organizational support, discretionary treatment, and job satisfaction," Journal of Applied Psychology, 82:812-820, 1997
  20. Eigenberger, R., Huntington, S., and Sowa, D.; "Perceived organizational support," Journal of Applied Psychology, 71:500-507, 1986
  21. Fahr, J., Early, P. C., and Lin, S.; "Impetus for action: A cultural analysis of justice and organizational citizenship behavior in Chinese society," Administrative Science Quarterly, 42:421-444, 1997
  22. Folger, R. and Cropanzano, R.; Organizational justice and human resource management. Thousand Oaks, Sage, CA, 1998
  23. Fullagar, C. and Barling, J.; "A longitudinal test of a model of the antecedents and consequences of union loyalty," Journal of Applied Psychology, 74:213-227, 1989
  24. Fullagar, C., D. McCoy, and C. Schull; "The Socialization of Union Loyalty," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 13:13-27, 1992
  25. Fuller, J. B. and Hester, K.; "The impact of labor relations climate on the union participation process," Journal of Labor Research, 19:113-127, 2001
  26. Fuller, J. B. and Hester, K.; "A Closer look at the relationship between justice perceptions and union participation," Journal of Applied Psychology, 86:1096-1105, 2001
  27. Gallagher D. G. and Clark P. F.; "Research on Union Commitment:Implications for Labor," abor Studies Journal, 14:52-71, 1989
  28. Gordon, M. E., Philpot, J. W., Burt, R. E., Thompson, C. A., and Spiller, W. E.; "Commitment to union: Development of a measure and an examination of its correlates," Journal of Applied Psychology, 65:479-499, 1980
  29. Gouldner, A. W.; "The norm of reciprocity:A preliminary ststement," American Sociological Review, 25 :161-178, 1960
  30. Greenberg, J.; "Organiaztional justice:Yesterday, today, and tomorrow," Journal of Management, 16: 399-432, 1990
  31. Homans, G. C.; Social Behavior:Its elementary forms, Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1961
  32. Iverson, R. and Kuruvilla, S.; "Antecedents of union loyalty:The influence of individual dispositions and organizational context," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16:557-582, 1995
  33. Joreskog, K. G. and Sorbom, D.; LISREL 8:User's reference guide, Scientific Sotfware, London, 1993
  34. Judge, T. A. and Welbourne, T. M.; "A confirmatory investigation of the imensionality of pay satisfaction questionnaire," Journal of Applied sychology, 79:461-466, 1994
  35. Kelly, C. H. and Kelly, J.; "Who Gets Involved in Collective Action? Social-Psychological Determinants of Individual Participation in Trade Union," Human Relations, 47:63-88, 1994
  36. Kochan T. A.; Collective bargaining and industrial relations:From theory to policy and practice, Irwin, Homewood, IL, 1980
  37. Kochan T. A., Katz H. C., and Mckersie R. B.; The Transformation of American Industrial Relations, Basic Books, New York, 1986
  38. Korsgaard, M. A., Schweiger, D. M., and Sapienza, H. J.; "The role of procedural justicein building commitment, attachment, and trust in strategic decisionmaking teams," Academy of management Journal, 38:60-84, 1995
  39. Lind, E. A. and Tyler, T. R.; The social psychology of procedural justice, Plenum Press, New York, 1988
  40. Moorman, R. H.; "Relationalship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship:Do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship," Journal of Applied Psychology, 76:845-855, 1991
  41. Moorman, R. H., Blakely, G. L., and Niehoff, B. P.; "Does perceived organizational support mediate the relationship between procedural justice and organizational citizenship behavior?" Academy of Management Journal, 41:351-357, 1998
  42. Newton, L. A. and Shore, L.; "A model of union membership:Instrumentality, commitment, and opposition," Academy of management Review, 17:275-298, 1992
  43. Shore, L. M., Tetrick, L. E., Sinclair, R. R., and Newton, L. A.; "Validation of a measure of perceived union support," Journal of Applied Psychology, 79: 971-977, 1994
  44. Sinclair, R. R. and Tetrick, L. E.; "Social exchange and union commitment:A comparison of union instrumentality and union support perceptions," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16:669-680, 1995
  45. Sverke, M. and Kuruvilla, S.; "A new conceptualization of union commitment:Development and test of an integrated theory," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16:505-532, 1995
  46. Tetrick, L. E.; "Developing and maintaining union commitment:A theoretical framework," Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16:583-595, 1995
  47. Thibaut, J. W. and Walker, L.; Procedural Justice:A psychological analysis, Erlbaum/Halstead, New York, 1975
  48. Tyler, T. R.; "The psychology of procedural justice: A test of group value model," Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57:830-838, 1989
  49. Tyler, T. R.; "Why people cooperate in organizations: An identity-based perspective," in R. Sutton and B. Staw(Ed.), Research in organizational behavior, JAI Press, Stamford, CT, 1999
  50. Tyler, T. R. and Bies, R. J.; "Beyond formal procedures: Interpersonal aspects of procedural justice," in J. S. Carroll(Ed.), Applied Social Psychology in Business Settings, Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, 1990
  51. Tyler, T. R. and Lind, E. A.; "A relational model of authority in groups," in Zanna, M.(Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 25, Academic Press, San Diego, 115-191, 1992