Information on Movement of the Phosphorus(P) Fertilizers in the Turfgrass Soils of Golf Course

골프장의 잔디 토양에서 인산 비료의 이동성 평가를 위한 정보 구축

  • 정근욱 (충북대학교 농업생명환경대학 농화학과) ;
  • 백기태 (식물자원학과) ;
  • 고성환 (금오공과대학교 토목환경공학부 환경공학과) ;
  • 노재관 (주식회사 에코필) ;
  • 이경호 (충청북도 농업기술원) ;
  • 우선희 (경주대학교 환경계획학과)
  • Published : 2008.08.28


This study was initiated to evaluate the Phosphorus(P) leaching potential in the putting green soils and P uptake by the turfgrass in the golf course using the P fertilizers. The turfgrass, Floradwarf bermudagrass(Cynodon dactylon L. PERS,) was planted and grown in the mixture of sand and peat moss in this lysimeter study. Five representative P fertilizers, such as, ammonium polyphosphate (APP), monopotassium phosphate (MKP), MAP(monoammonium phosphate), 0-20-20(liquid), and concentrated superphosphate(CSP, solid) were used in this study. Based on the total P quantity of leachate collected during the whole 12 weeks, MKP and APP are the first group of P fertilizers contributing to the leaching of P, then MAP and 0-20-20 are the second group of P fertilizers causing the P leaching. Finally, CSP is the third group of P fertilizer resulting in the P leaching. However, most of P applied and collected in the lysimeter were leached during the first period of two and four weeks, compared to that of P leached during the second period of six, eight, ten, and twelve weeks. Applications of MAP, APP and CSP, MKP and 0-20-20 in order produced the largest amount of total dry matter. However, APP, MKP and MAP, CSP and 0-20-20 in order showed the largest amount of P uptake. Therefore, based on the data of P leaching, dry matter production, and plant P uptake, it appears that CSP, 0-20-20, and MAP are the environmentally sound fertilizers recommended in the turfgrass putting green soil of golf course.


Golf Course;Urfgrass Soils;P Fertilizer;Leaching;Plant Uptake;Dry Matter;Lysimeter


  1. Z. Taiz, Plant Physiology, 2nd. ed. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Publishers, Sunderland, Massachusetts, 1998.
  2. V. Donald and J. G. Voet, Biochemistry, John Wiley and Sons, NewYork, 1990.
  3. M. Konrad, A. Ernest, and Kirkby, Principles of plant nutrition, AG Bern, switzerland, 1978.
  4. L. Samuel, Tisdale, L. Werner, Nelson, D. James, and Beaton, Soil Fertility and Fertilizer, 4th ed. MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, 1985.
  5. S. J. Ulysses, Fertilizers and soil fertility, Reston Publishing Company, Virginia, 1979.
  6. C. Nick, Fundamentals of turfgrass management Ann Arbor Press, MI, 1998.
  7. G. H. Snyder and J. L. Cisar, Evaluation of controlled-released potassium fertilizers for turfgrass,-technical report, Univ, of Florida. Gainesville, FL, pp.93-97, 1990.
  8. O. Liman, An introduction to statistical methods and data analysis, 3rd ed. PWS-KENT, 1989.
  9. R. W. Weavers, J. S. Angle, and P. S. Bottomley, Methods of soil analysis, Part II, Soil Science Society of America, USA, 1994.
  10. SAS Institute, Inc. SAS user's guide: statistics, SAS system Version 6, 4th ed. SAS Institute, Inc., Gary, NC, 1989.