Analysis of Nutritional Compositions and Antioxidative Activities of Korean Commercial Blueberry and Raspberry

국내 시판 블루베리와 라즈베리의 영양성분 분석 및 항산화 활성

  • Jeong, Chang-Ho (Division of Applied Life Science, Institute Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choi, Sung-Gil (Division of Applied Life Science, Institute Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Heo, Ho-Jin (Division of Applied Life Science, Institute Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 정창호 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부.농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 최성길 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부.농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 허호진 (경상대학교 응용생명과학부.농업생명과학연구원)
  • Published : 2008.11.28


The nutritional compositions and antioxidative activities of Korean commercial blueberry and raspberry were investigated. The proximate compositions were 10.47% and 22.67% in moisture, 2.66% and 2.64% in crude protein, 2.04% and 1.67% in crude fat, 81.36% and 70.19% in nitrogen free extracts, 1.48% and 0.85% in crude fiber, and 1.99% and 1.98% in ash of blueberry and raspberry, respectively. Total phenolics content were higher in blueberry (9.028 mg/g) than in raspberry (5.340 mg/g). Major elements of blueberry and raspberry were Ca (451.34 and 97.48 mg/100 g), K (355.40 and 215.20 mg/100 g), P (321.10 and 294.04 mg/100 g), and Na (137.58 and 137.67 mg/100 g). The total amino acid contents of blueberry and raspberry were 2,011.44 mg /100 g and 2,098.82 mg/100 g, respectively. Amino acid were mainly composed of glutamic acid, aspartic acid and leucine. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities of the 80% methanol extract from blueberry and raspberry were 88.67% and 62.77%, 76.34% and 30.53% at a concentration of 5 mg/mL. The 80% methanol extract from blueberry and raspberry showed considerable antioxidative activity against reducing power in dose-dependent manner. Antioxidative activities using $\beta$-carotene-linoleate and FTC method were twice higher in blueberry than raspberry.


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