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Comparison of Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Attitude and Dietary Habit in Elementary School Children With and Without Nutrition Education

초등학생의 영양교육에 따른 영양지식, 식생활태도 및 식습관의 비교

  • Lee, Ok-Hee (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Yongin University) ;
  • Chang, Soon-Ok (Dept. of Food and Nutrition, Suwon University) ;
  • Park, Min-Jung (Dept. of Food Science and Nutrition, Yongin University)
  • 이옥희 (용인대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 장순옥 (수원대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박민정 (용인대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Published : 2008.11.28

Abstract

This study was aimed to compare nutrition knowledge, dietary attitude and habit of elementary school children with and without education. Eighty-four subjects with unbalanced eating behavior were selected and assigned to either control or education group. The subjects in education group participated in a nutrition education program once a week for 8 weeks. The contents of nutrition education were on food tower, balanced nutrition, nutrient function, food group, importance of breakfast, and nutrition label, etc and the program was performed by a school dietitian. The effects of education was assessed by self-administered questionnaire prior to and after nutritional education. Nutrition knowledge except on snack, dietary self-efficacy except on low fat/ low calorie, attitude except on functional food and favorite, and general dietary habits of children in education group were significantly improved while those in control group showed no changes. Also, factors for unbalanced eating was improved by nutrition education indicating the need for correction on unbalanced eating was diminished. However, children's adherence to snack, instant and fast food remained to be corrected. The dietary habit of balanced eating was improved by education reducing the percentage of unbalanced eating on grain and meat.fish.milk groups. The nutrition education appears to be effective to provide nutrition knowledge thereby to improve dietary attitude, dietary self-efficacy, and partly to reduce children's unbalanced eating factor.

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