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Integral Antioxidative Capacity of Extracts by Pressurized Organic Solvent from Natural Plants in Jeju

제주 자생식물 고압용매 추출물의 통합적 항산화 능력

  • Kim, Mi-Bo (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Hyun, Sun-Hee (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Park, Jae-Sung (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Kang, Mi-Ae (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Ko, Young-Hwan (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lim, Sang-Bin (Dept. of Food Bioengineering, Cheju National University)
  • 김미보 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 현선희 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 박재성 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 강미애 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 고영환 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과) ;
  • 임상빈 (제주대학교 식품생명공학과)
  • Published : 2008.11.28

Abstract

Twenty natural plants from Jeju were extracted by pressurized organic solvent (100% methanol, $40^{\circ}C$, 13.6 MPa, 10 min). Extraction yield, total phenolic content (TPC) and integral antioxidant capacity were measured, and each component was identified by GC/MS. Extraction yields were high as 21.8%, 21.5, 21.1, 20.7 and 20.1% in Rhus javanica, Euscaphis japonica, Alnus firma, Sapium japonicum and Sorbus alnifolia, respectively. The extracts containing high TPC (mg GAE/g of dry sample) were obtained from Malus sieboldii (68.3), Sapium japonicum (57.6), Pyrrosia lingua (56.6) and Euscaphis japonica (55.1). Integral antioxidant capacities of water-soluble substances were 598, 394, 293 and $270\;{\mu}mol$ ascorbic acid equivalent/g in Geranium thunbergii, Sapium japonicum, Cornus kousa and Rhus javanica, respectively. Integral antioxidant capacities of lipidsoluble substances were 611, 314, 296 and $242\;{\mu}mol$ trolox equivalent/g in Ardisia crenata, Ostrya japonica, Geranium thunbergii and Quercus acuta, respectively. Fifteen major peaks were identified by GC/MS from the extract of pressurized organic solvent from Sapium japonicum. Two polyphenols (gallic acid (retention time (RT) 19.7 min)) and quercetin (33.5 min)), ascorbic acid (RT 35.3 min), and several fatty acids (retention time 18.6, 21.0, 21.8, 21.9 and 23.6 min) were identified, and gallic acid was the major polyphenol component due to high peak area.

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