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Simultaneous Spectrophotometric Determination of Copper, Nickel, and Zinc Using 1-(2-Thiazolylazo)-2-Naphthol in the Presence of Triton X-100 Using Chemometric Methods

화학계량학적 방법을 사용한 Triton X-100이 함유된 1-(2-Thiazolylazo)-2-Naphthol을 사용한 구리, 니켈과 아연의 동시 분광광도법적 정량

  • Low, Kah Hin (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya) ;
  • Zain, Sharifuddin Md. (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya) ;
  • Abas, Mhd. Radzi (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya) ;
  • Misran, Misni (Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya) ;
  • Mohd, Mustafa Ali (Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya)
  • Published : 2009.12.20

Abstract

Multivariate models were developed for the simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of copper (II), nickel (II) and zinc (II) in water with 1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol as chromogenic reagent in the presence of Triton X-100. To overcome the drawback of spectral interferences, principal component regression (PCR) and partial least square (PLS) multivariate calibration approaches were applied. Performances were validated with several test sets, and their results were then compared. In general, no significant difference in analytical performance between PLS and PCR models. The root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) using three components for $Cu^{2+}$, $Ni^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ were 0.018, 0.010, 0.011 ppm, respectively. Figures of merit such as sensitivity, analytical sensitivity, limit of detection (LOD) were also estimated. High reliability was achieved when the proposed procedure was applied to simultaneous determination of $Cu^{2+}$, $Ni^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ in synthetic mixture and tap water.

Keywords

Calibration;Chemometric;Metal;Regression;Spectrophotometric

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