The Analysis on Competitiveness of Railroad Transport Focused on Container, Cement, Steel

컨테이너, 양회, 철강을 중심으로 한 철도의 화물수송경쟁력 분석

  • 김은미 (한국교통연구원, 국가교통조사분석사업단) ;
  • 박동주 (서울시립대학교, 교통공학과) ;
  • 고영승 (서울시립대학교, 교통공학과) ;
  • 김현승 (서울시립대학교, 교통공학과) ;
  • 박형준 (서울시립대학교, 교통공학과)
  • Published : 2009.10.30

Abstract

The modal spilt of highway has been increased and the one of railway has been decreased from 17.2%(1990) to 6.3%(2006). In this context, it is meaningful to examine the competitiveness of the railroad of Korea. The objective of this study is to analyze the competitiveness of railroad with the highway so that countermeasures improving the competitiveness of railroad could be suggested. For this, firs of all, indicators representing the competitiveness of the railroad transport are determined. The main influencing factors for mode choice include transport time, transport cost and level of service. Three types of commodity, container, cement and steel are the target for the analysis. It was found that the overall competitiveness of railroad transport is weaker compared with highway even for the main freight origin-destination pairs. It means that the freight transport system is focused on road rather than railroad. Therefore, we need to remeasure the competitiveness of railroad transport related to methods for freight railroad competitiveness improvement.

References

  1. 유상민(2007), "철도물류서비스의 경쟁력 강화방안 연구," 석사학위논문, 충남대학교
  2. D J Hardy(1997), "Can railways compete with roads?" Proceedings of the institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, Vol. 211, pp.1-10 https://doi.org/10.1243/0954409971530851
  3. Harun Al-Rasyid S. Lubis, Henry Armijaya and Dimas BayuDha rmowijoyo(2005), "The Competition of Passenger Transport Modes Along Jakarta-Bandung Corridor," Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, pp.75-89
  4. 박대룡, 하원익, 남기찬(1994),"철도 컨테이너 운송체계의 경쟁력 분석," 물류학회지 제4호, pp.167-189
  5. 김동준, 김혜자, 장원재, 성현곤(2006), "세계주요도시의 대중교통 경쟁력 비교," 대한교통학회지 제24권 제4호, 대한교통학회, pp.81-91
  6. 정승주, 문진수(2004), "물류경쟁력 강화를 위한 철도화물운송 활성화 전략," 교통개발연구원, pp.75-98
  7. 유재균, 권용장(2005),"우리나라 철도화물의 경쟁력 제고를 위한 운임체계에 관한 연구," 2005년도 춘계학술대회 논문집, 한국철도학회, pp.1023-1027
  8. Algis Zvirbilis and Jonas Butkevivius(2004), "Evaluation of The Competitiveness of the System of Passenger Transportation by Railway," Transport, Vol XIX, No 4, pp.157-161
  9. 양동인(2004), "철도화물운송의 경쟁력제고 방안에 관한 연구," 석사학위논문, 인하대학교
  10. 서울시립대학교 외(2007), "고속철도 개통 시너지 효과 극대화를 위한 철도시설 개량방안 연구," 중간보고서, pp. 1-381
  11. 신성일(2004),"대중교통 이동성 분석지표 개발," 서울시정개발 연구원, pp.43-58
  12. 문진수, 이재민(2007), "철도화물운송증대를 위한 지원제도 개선방안," 한국교통연구원, pp. 11-48
  13. 금기용(2006), "동아시아 도시간 국제관광경쟁력 비교 연구," 서울시정개발연구원,pp.61-66