Physical Properties of Freeze-Dried Powder of Aloe Vera Gel with Respect to the Concentrating Degree as Pre-Treatment

전처리 농축 정도에 따른 Aloe Vera gel의 동결건조분말의 물성

  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

The physical properties of freeze-dried Aloe vera gel powders were examined according to the influence of the concentration degrees of the gel solutions as raw materials during freeze-drying. As a pre-treatment prior to freeze-drying, the gel solutions were vacuum-concentrated at three concentration levels (g water/g solids): high (H), 76; medium (M), 119; and low (L), 159. The water contents of the three powder samples were almost the same. For their viscosity measurements, non-Newtonian fluid behavior with shear thinning was observed in samples H and M, whereas Newtonian liquid behavior was found in sample L. In electrical conductivity measurements, sample H showed the highest conductivity upon dissolving the powder in water. For their water sorption isotherms, sample H was analyzed to have the least amount of bound water. Finally, it was determined that the degree of concentration caused only slight differences in the physical properties of freeze-dried Aloe gel powders.

Keywords

Aloe vera gel powder;freeze-drying;concentration;physical properties

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