Physical and Sensory Properties of Chiffon Cake Made with Rice Flour

쌀가루로 제조한 쉬폰케이크의 물리적.관능적 품질특성

  • Published : 2009.02.28

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of chiffon cakes made with rice flour ranging from 20-100% in place of wheat flour. The water binding capacity of the rice flour was greater than that of the wheat flour and its fat binding capacity was lower than that of the wheat flour. The batter stability data indicated that the 100% treatment was better than the control, and specific gravity values and specific loaf volumes were lower in the samples with added rice flour. Texture analysis found no significant differences in hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and chewiness between the control and the 100% treatment. In the case of crust color, the rice flour-added chiffon cakes did not show any significant differences for their 'a' values. In addition, their crumb color was not significantly different in terms of both their 'L' and 'a' values. According to the sensory evaluation, there was no significant difference in overall acceptability between the control and the rice flour-added chiffon cakes. The highest sensory scores were obtained by the 100% treatment for overall acceptance and moistness. However, flavor, cohesiveness, and brittleness were not significantly different. These study results show that wheat flour could be replaced by rice flour up to 100% in chiffon cake.

Keywords

rice flour;particle size;chiffon cake;batter stability;cake quality

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