돈육양념소스 소재 개발을 위한 한약재 추출물의 생리활성

Physiological Characteristics of Medicinal Plant Extracts for Use as Functional Materials in Seasoning Sauce for Pork Meat

  • 이신호 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 강경명 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 박효진 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품가공학과) ;
  • 백락민 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품가공학과)
  • Lee, Shin-Ho (Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Kang, Kyung-Myung (Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Park, Hyo-Jin (Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Baek, Lag-Min (Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Daegu)
  • 발행 : 2009.02.28

초록

양념 돈육의 저장성 증진 및 기능성 보강용 돈육 양념소스 소재를 개발하기 위해 산사, 차조기, 현초, 하수오의 생리활성을 검토하였다. Gram positive 5균주와 Gram negative 5균주에 대한 항균활성을 검정한 결과 산사와 현초가 가장 넓은 항균 spectrum을 보였다. 열처리 온도가 높을수록 추출물의 항균 활성은 다소 감소하였으나 열처리 후에도 잔존하였다. 0.1% 산사, 차조기, 현초, 하수오 에탄올 추출물의 총 폴리페놀 함량은 각각 66.24 mg/g, 28.97 mg/g, 96.51 mg/g, 그리고 13.33 mg/g를 나타내어 현초가 가장 높았다. 현초의 DPPH 라디칼 소거능은 0.1, 0.5, 1.0%에서 각각 56.79, 92.24, 97.56%를 보였으며, 산사, 차조기, 현초, 하수오 추출물 중 DPPH 라디칼 소거능은 현초 추출물이 가장 높았으며 산사, 차조기, 하수오 순이었다. 추출물의 아질산염 소거능은 0.1% 농도에서 산사, 차조기, 현초 추출물은 각각 19.66, 1.66, 3.86%를 나타내어 산사가 가장 높았다. 각 추출물의 지방 산패 억제도는 산사 89.99%, 차조기 88.57%, 현초 99.71% 그리고 하수오는 43.21%로 현초가 가장 높았다. 추출물을 $121^{\circ}C$에서 15분 동안 열처리한 후 DPPH 라디칼 소거능은 산사는 감소하였으며, 차조기와 현초는 증가하였다. 산사, 차조기의 아질산염 소거활성은 열 처리 후에 다소 감소하기는 하였으나, 잔존하는 것으로 보였다. 열처리 후 지방 산패 억제도는 산사를 제외한 차조기, 현초에서는 다소 감소하였으나, 열처리 후에도 50${\sim}$99.8% 범위의 높은 활성을 보였다.

키워드

medicinal plant;seasoning sauce;physiological characteristics

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