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생체역학 모델을 통한 균형능력과 상지기능의 중재: 단일대상연구

Intervention based on Biomechanical Frame of Reference for Balance and Manual Function: a Single Subject Research

  • 김태훈 (가야대학교 작업치료학과)
  • 발행 : 2009.11.28

초록

본 연구는 생체역학 모델에 기반한 상지훈련을 통해서 강직성 사지마비(spastic quadriplegia) 아동의 균형능력과 상지기능의 변화를 알아보고자 하였다. 매 회기마다 앉은 자세 및 선 자세에서 기능적 팔 뻗기 검사를 실시하였고, 초기와 마지막 회기에 아동 균형척도(Pediatric Berg Balance Scale)와 3차원 동작분석 시스템(CMS-70P, Zebris Medizintechnik Gmbh, Germany)을 사용하여 움직임을 측정하였다. 1주간 기초선 측정 후, 4주간 매 40분씩 12회기 동안 생체역학적 모델에 기반한 상지훈련을 실시한 결과, 기능적 팔 뻗기 검사에서 모든 측정값이 기초선 평균의 +2SD(standard deviation)를 벗어났다. 동작 분석 시스템 상에서 수행 시간, 최고 속도, 최고 속도 도달 시간, 움직임 단위 수가 향상되었고, 아동 균형 척도 검사결과가 향상되었다. 따라서, 생체역학 모델에 기반한 상지훈련은 상지기능 향상뿐만 아니라 균형 향상에도 긍정적 도움이 될 것으로 사료되며, 연구 결과의 일반화를 위해서 대상자와 과제를 다양화한 추후 연구가 필요할 것이다.

키워드

균형;상지기능;생체역학;동작분석;사지마비

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