Crystal growth from melt in combined heater-magnet modules

  • Rudolph, P. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Czupalla, M. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Dropka, N. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Frank-Rotsch, Ch. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • KieBling, F.M. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Klein, O. (Weierstrass-Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS)) ;
  • Lux, B. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Miller, W. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Rehse, U. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ)) ;
  • Root, O. (Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth (IKZ))
  • Published : 2009.10.31


Many concepts of external magnetic field applications in crystal growth processes have been developed to control melt convection, impurity content and growing interface shape. Especially, travelling magnetic fields (TMF) are of certain advantages. However, strong shielding effects appear when the TMF coils are placed outside the growth vessel. To achieve a solution of industrial relevance within the framework of the $KRISTMAG^{(R)}$ project inner heater-magnet modules(HMM) for simultaneous generation of temperature and magnetic field have been developed. At the same time, as the temperature is controlled as usual, e.g. by DC, the characteristics of the magnetic field can be adjusted via frequency, phase shift of the alternating current (AC) and by changing the amplitude via the AC/DC ratio. Global modelling and dummy measurements were used to optimize and validate the HMM configuration and process parameters. GaAs and Ge single crystals with improved parameters were grown in HMM-equipped industrial liquid encapsulated Czochralski (LEC) puller and commercial vertical gradient freeze (VGF) furnace, respectively. The vapour pressure controlled Czochralski (VCz) variant without boric oxide encapsulation was used to study the movement of floating particles by the TMF-driven vortices.


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