Synthesis of Biodiesel from Vegetable Oil and Their Characteristics in Low Temperature

식물성 오일로부터 바이오디젤의 합성과 저온특성

  • Lim, Young-Kwan (Research Center, Korea Institute of Petroleum Quality) ;
  • Kim, DongKil (Research Center, Korea Institute of Petroleum Quality) ;
  • Yim, Eui Soon (Research Center, Korea Institute of Petroleum Quality)
  • 임영관 (한국석유품질관리원 연구센터) ;
  • 김동길 (한국석유품질관리원 연구센터) ;
  • 임의순 (한국석유품질관리원 연구센터)
  • Received : 2009.01.20
  • Accepted : 2009.02.03
  • Published : 2009.04.10

Abstract

Biodiesel come from animal fat and vegetable oil by methanolysis was known for eco-friendly fuel for the alternative petrodiesel. But, various kinds of biodiesel need to analyze the cold characteristic due to poor fuel properties than petrodiesel in a cold condition. In this paper, 12 types of biodiesel were synthesized in 86~96% yields from 12 kinds of vegetable oil by transesterification. These synthesized biodiesels were analyzed in terms of the cold characteristics like cloud point, pour point, and cold filter plugging point (CFPP). The biodiesel comes from perilla oil which has rich olefin showed the excellent fuel characteristics in a low temperature.

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