A Study Based on Molecular Orbital Theory of Polymerization of Oxetane High Explosives

옥세탄 고폭 화약류의 중합반응에 관한 분자 궤도론적 연구

  • Received : 2008.12.16
  • Accepted : 2009.02.18
  • Published : 2009.04.10

Abstract

Monomers of oxetane high explosives were theoretically examined in terms of reactivity, reaction mechanism and process of polymerization substituted by azido $(-CH_2N_3)$, nitrato $(-CH_2ONO_2)$ and hydrazino $(-CH_2N_2H_3)$ which belong to the 5th class hazardous materials and have explosiveness under acid catalyst using MINDO/3, MNDO, and AMI methods for formal charge, heat of formation, and energy level. Nucleophilicity and base of oxetane high explosives could be explained by negative charge size of oxetane oxygen atom and reactivity of oxetane in the growth stage of polymerization under acid catalyzer could be expected to be governed by positive charge size of axial carbon atom and low LUMO energy of electrophile. It could be estimated that carbenium ion was more beneficial in the conversion process of oxetane high explosives than that of stabilization energy (13.90~31.02 kcal/mole) of oxonium ion. In addition, concentration of oxonium ion and carbenium ion in equilibrium state influenced mechanism and it was also estimated that $S_N1$ mechanism reacts faster than that of $S_N2$ in prepolymer growth stage considering quick equilibrium based on form and calculation of polymerization under acid catalyzer.

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