Comparison study of the wear metal analysis in oil sample by portable and bench-top XRF

휴대용 및 Bench-Top X-선 형광 분석기를 이용한 오일 시료 중 마찰 금속의 비교 분석

  • Choi, Soo-Jung (Center for Chemical Analysis, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Chong-Hyeak (Center for Chemical Analysis, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Lee, Sueg-Geun (Center for Chemical Analysis, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Pyo (Department of Fine Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Chungnam National University)
  • 최수정 (한국화학연구원 화학분석센터) ;
  • 김종혁 (한국화학연구원 화학분석센터) ;
  • 이석근 (한국화학연구원 화학분석센터) ;
  • 김동표 (충남대학교 정밀응용화학과)
  • Received : 2009.08.29
  • Accepted : 2009.10.07
  • Published : 2009.10.25

Abstract

The analytical results of wear metals such as Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Ag, Cd, Sn, Ba, Pb in oil samples are compared by portable and bench-top XRF methods as a basic study for the development of portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. The instrumental parameters such as measurement time of portable and bench-top XRF were optimized using certified reference materials of hydrocarbon oil with 20 wear metals in concentration range from 10 to 900 mg/kg. The analytical results of 20 wear metals in certified reference materials and new/used engine oil samples were compared by empirical and fundamental parameter methods.

Keywords

Bench-Top XRF;Portable XRF;Wear Metal;Oil

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 환경부

References

  1. N. Miskolczi, L. Bartha, F. Antal and Cs. Dudas, Talanta, 66, 1264-1271(2005) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2005.01.041
  2. R. Sagi, N. Miskolczi, L. Bartha and P. Halmos, Petroleum and Coal, 50(1), 1-10(2008)
  3. F. L. Melquiades and C. R. Appoloni, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 262, 533-541(2004) https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JRNC.0000046792.52385.b2
  4. M. O. Stallard, S. E. Apitz and C. A. Dooley, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 31, 297-305(1995) https://doi.org/10.1016/0025-326X(95)00147-F
  5. 한국기기유화시험연구원 '윤활관리 핸드북', 1997
  6. 김영운, 정근우, 조원오, 김종호, 강석춘, 한국윤활학회, 26 추계학술대회, 152-160(1997)
  7. M. Pouzar, T. Cernohorsky, A. Krejcova, Talanta, 54, 829-835(2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0039-9140(01)00338-1
  8. V. Ya. Borkhodoev, X-ray Spectrom., 31, 209-218(2002) https://doi.org/10.1002/xrs.528
  9. S. J. Goldstein, A. K. Slemmons and H. E. Canavan, Environ. Sci. Technol., 30, 2318-2321(1996) https://doi.org/10.1021/es950744q
  10. EPA, 'EPA Method 6200', 2007
  11. C. Vanhoof, V. Corthouts and K. Tirez, J. Environ. Monit., 6, 344-350(2004) https://doi.org/10.1039/b312781h
  12. D. J. Kalnickya and R. Singhvi, J. Hazard. Mater., 83, 93-122(2001) https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(00)00330-7
  13. J. Enzweiler and M. A. Vendemiatto, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 28, 103-112(2004) https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-908X.2004.tb01046.x
  14. M. Bounakhla, K. Embarch, F. Zahry, E. Bilal and P. Kump, J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem., 275, 467-478(2008) https://doi.org/10.1007/s10967-005-6698-7
  15. S. J. Choi, C. H. Kim and S. G. Lee, Anal. Sci. & Tech., 22(4), 293-301(2009)
  16. N. Miskolczi, L. Bartha, J. Borszeki and P. Halmos, Talanta, 69, 776-780(2006) https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2005.11.006