Diagnosis and Treatment of Temporomandibular Disorders

측두하악장애의 진단 및 치료

  • Choi, Young-Chan (Department of Oral medicine, college of dentistry, Yonsei University) ;
  • Kim, Seong-Taek (Department of Oral medicine, college of dentistry, Yonsei University)
  • 최영찬 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실) ;
  • 김성택 (연세대학교 치과대학 구강내과학교실)
  • Received : 2009.10.05
  • Accepted : 2009.12.25
  • Published : 2009.12.31

Abstract

Temporomandibular disorders(TMD) have been defined as a collective term embracing a number of clinical problems that involve the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles, and associated structures. Since Dr. Costen, an otolaryngologist, published his article in 1934 claiming that pain in and around the jaw and "related ear symptoms" improved with alteration of the bite, diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders(TMD) have been within the concept of occlusion. However most of the modern descriptions for TMD no longer include occlusal disorders within their domain. Despite this trend toward the exclusion of occlusal disorders from TMD domain, the historical linkages between TMD and occlusal therapy are still strong. Currently the most popular theories regarding TMD etiology are based on the biopsychosocial model. In the future, treatment modalities should be directed at the pathophysiological processes of joint and muscle pain as well as the psychosocial aspects of chronic pain.

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