The measurement of dicamba in soil and plants

토양 및 식물 중 디캄바 측정법에 대한 연구

  • Received : 2009.10.16
  • Accepted : 2009.11.02
  • Published : 2009.12.25

Abstract

The herbicide dicamba (2-methoxy-3,6-dichlorobenzoic acid) in soil and plants was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The samples were extracted with diethyl ether at pH 2, and washed with 0.1 N HCl, and then dried. The dried residue was derivatized in 1 mL of 10% $H_2SO_4$-MeOH for 2 hr at $80^{\circ}C$. The reaction mixture was neutralized with 4 mL of sodium bicarbonate solution and reextracted with 5 mL of diethyl ether. After the extract was concentrated, dicamba was determined by GC/MS-SIM mode. There was good linearity above 0.999 in the ranges of the $1.0{\sim}100{\mu}g/kg$. Total 42 sample including 32 soil samples and 10 plants samples were analyzed by developed method. Dicamba was detected in the concentration range of $2.9-123.9{\mu}g/kg$ in 15 samples among 32 soil samples and in the concentration range of $43-33,252{\mu}g/kg$ in 5 samples among 10 plants samples. A cause of the wither and die of the pine trees is suspected to spray dicamba around or directly to them.

Keywords

dicamba;soil;plant;acidic methylation;GC/MS

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